• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first settlers arrived at the end of the Ice Age, as the glaciers retreated north. Archaeological remains in Finnmark in the north and in Rogaland in the southwest of Norway date from between 9500 to 8000 BC and suggest coastal, hunting-fishing communities. By 2500 BC a new influx of settlers brought cattle and crop farming and gradually replaced the earlier hunting-fishing communities. Although there is little evidence of the impact of the bronze and iron ages on Norway as its people had not yet found ways to exploit their natural resources for trade, links with Roman-occupied Gaul in the first four centuries AD were strong. By the time of the collapse of the Roman Empire, tribal groups had started to develop and by AD 800 had each established their own legislative and adjudicatory assemblies, known as things.


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Further reading

  1. Statistics Norway (formerly Central Bureau of Statistics). Statistisk Årbok/ Statistical Yearbook of Norway.—Economic survey (annual, from 1935; with English summary from 1952, now published in 0konomiske Analyser, annual).—Historisk Statistikk; Historical Statistics.— Statistisk Månedshefte (with English index)Google Scholar
  2. Norges Statskalender. From 1816; annual from 1877Google Scholar
  3. Archer, Clive, Norway and an Integrating Europe. 2004Google Scholar
  4. Petersson, O., The Government and Politics of the Nordic Countries. 1994Google Scholar
  5. National library: The National Library of Norway, Henrik Ibsens gate 110, 0255 Oslo; Finsetveien 2, 8624 Mo i Rana.Google Scholar
  6. National Statistical Office: Statistics Norway, PB 8131 Dep., 0033 Oslo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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