• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


There is evidence of human habitation in Anatolia (Asia Minor) from around 7500 BC. Catal Huyuk (on the Konya Plain) fourished between 6500 and 5800 BC to become one of the world’s largest and most important Neolithic sites. Between 1800 and 1200 BC much of Anatolia came under Hittite rule, initially centred on Cappadocia. The artistic work of the Hittites shows a high level of culture with Babylonian and Assyrian influence. Greek colonies were established around the Anatolian coast from around 700 BC including Byzantium, which was founded by Greeks from Megara in 667 BC. Anatolia was conquered by Persians in the 6th century BC.


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Further Reading

  1. State Institute of Statistics. Türkiye İstatistik Yilliği/Statistical Yearbook of Turkey.—Diş Ticaret İstatistikleri/Foreign Trade Statistics (Annual).— Aylik İstatistik Bülten (Monthly).Google Scholar
  2. Abramowitz, Morton, (ed.) Turkey’s Transformation and American Policy. 2000Google Scholar
  3. Howe, Marvin, Turkey Today: A Nation Divided over Islam’s Revival. 2000Google Scholar
  4. İnalcık, H., Faroqhi, S., McGowan, B., Quataert, D. and Pamuk, Ş., An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire. 1994Google Scholar
  5. Jenkins, Gareth, Political Islam in Turkey: Running West, Heading East. 2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Joseph, Joseph S., Turkey and the European Union: Internal Dynamics and External Challenges. 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kalaycioğlu, Ersin, Turkish Dynamics: Bridge Across Troubled Lands. 2006.—Turkish Democracy Today. 2006Google Scholar
  8. LaGro, Esra and Jørgensen, Knud Erik, Turkey and the European Union: Prospects for a Difficult Encounter. 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. National Statistical Office: Turkstat, Necatibey Caddesi no. 114, 06100 Ankara.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2010

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  • Barry Turner

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