From as early as 3000 BC Egyptian Pharaohs referred to northern Ethiopia as the Land of Punt, rich in precious resources including gold, myrrh and ivory. Its inhabitants are thought to have been predominantly Cushitic speakers. The region was in contact with southern Arabia by around 2000 BC, with settlers bringing Semitic languages and stone-building techniques. Early in the 1st century AD a prosperous and advanced civilization arose in the northern highlands, centred on Aksum. Christianity reached Aksum in the 4th century AD when King Ezana was converted by Frumentius of Tyre. At its height in the 6th century AD the Aksumite empire controlled much of the Red Sea coast and traded with the Mediterranean powers, as well as Persia and India.
KeywordsPrime Minister Debt Relief Semitic Language Northern Highland Armed Helicopter
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Araia, G., Ethiopia: the Political Economy of Transition. Univ. Press of America, 1995Google Scholar
- Bigsten, Arne, Shimeles, Adebe and Kebede, Bereket, (eds.) Poverty, Income Distribution and Labour Markets in Ethiopia. Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, 2005Google Scholar
- Crummey, Donald, Land and Society in the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia: From the Thirteenth to the Twentieth Century. Univ. of Illinois Press and James Currey, Oxford, 2000Google Scholar
- Dejene, Alemneh, Environment, Famine and Politics in Ethiopia: a View from the Village. Boulder (Colo.), 1991Google Scholar
- Marcus, H. G., A History of Ethiopia. California Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
- Negash, Tekeste and Tronvoll, Kjetil, Brothers at War: Making Sense of the Eritrean-Ethiopian War. Ohio Univ. Press and James Currey, Oxford, 2001Google Scholar
- Pankhurst, Richard, The Ethiopians. Oxford, 1999Google Scholar
- Woodward, Peter, The Horn of Africa: Politics and International Relations. I. B. Tauris, London, 2002Google Scholar
- National Statistical Office: Central Statistical Office, Addis Ababa.Google Scholar
- Website: http://www.csa.gov.et