Strength and Weaknesses of the Democracy Movement: Limits to the ‘Explosion of Civil Society’

  • Shiu-hing Lo


The expansion phase of political parties in Hong Kong signalled the growth of the local democracy movement spearheaded by middle-class liberals. Prior to the 1980s, no real democracy movement emerged in Hong Kong. The pressure groups which mushroomed in the late 1970s influenced the government not on institutional reform but on such social issues as housing and corruption. Strictly speaking, the democracy movement began in 1984 when the Green Paper raised the political awareness of societal elites. While the controversy over Legco’s direct elections in 1988 spurred the liberals to strive for democratisation, the Tiananmen incident politicised the democrats further by prompting them to form political parties which aimed at winning elections at the district, municipal and territory levels.


Civil Society Political Party Political Reform Liberal Party Ruling Elite 
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Copyright information

© Lo Shiu-hing 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiu-hing Lo
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Hong KongChina

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