Indonesia’s deepwater rice is very different from that of the other deepwater rice countries and in some respects may be considered unique. Unlike the other Asian countries, Indonesia’s deeply flooded rice is in the equatorial belt, corresponding to Sierra Leone in West Africa, and it is the only deepwater rice grown in the southern hemisphere. Indonesia is also the only major rice-producing country in Southeast Asia having no indigenous floating rices; her famous paddy culture evolved in Java, which has few deeply flooded areas. The enormous swamplands have some of the world’s largest areas of tropical adverse soils. The lowlands of South Sumatra, Kalimantan (Borneo) and Irian Jaya (West New Guinea), with huge potential for deepwater rice, remain one of the last tropical agricultural frontiers. Irian Jaya is populated almost entirely by indigenous tribes having no setded farming communities.
KeywordsFloating Rice Minor Region Acid Sulphate Soil Submergence Tolerance Deepwater Rice
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