Chronic Hyperventilation and Panic Attacks During Sleep

  • Ronald Ley
Part of the Wenner-Gren Center International Symposium Series book series (WGS)


This paper integrates data from studies of panic attacks during sleep with (a) stages of sleep, (b) respiratory changes during sleep, (c) physiological principles underlying chronic hyperventilation, and (d) the psychological phenomenon of fear. The thesis of the paper is that panic attacks during sleep are a consequence of renal compensation for severe chronic hyperventilation.


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© The Wenner-Gren Center 1988

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  • Ronald Ley

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