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Abstract

The publication by Melzack & Wall (1965) of a novel concept of the anatomy and physiology of pain marked the advent of a renaissance in the study of this major cause of human suffering. The physiological, anatomical, pharmacological and psychological substrates of pain have become the subjects of a wide range of basic and clinical research projects. A conceptual framework to integrate information on pain will be given. It is of concern that each scientist tends to see only those aspects of the ‘Puzzle of Pain’ which are explicable within the conceptual framework of their own scientific discipline; yet, the problems encountered by the clinician suggest that the biomedical model which forms the cornerstone of modern scientific endeavour does not offer rational solutions to the readily apparent issues. It has been stated by Engel (1977) that: ‘… all medicine is in crisis and, further, that medicine’s crisis derives from the same basic fault as psychiatry’s, namely, adherence to a model of disease no longer adequate for the scientific tasks and social responsibilities of either medicine or psychiatry. The importance of how physicians conceptualize disease derives from how such concepts determine what are considered the proper boundaries of professional responsibility and how they influence attitudes toward and behavior with patients.’

Keywords

Chronic Pain Acute Pain Pain Behaviour Scientific Endeavour Phantom Limbpain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Engel, G. (1977). The need for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine. Science, 196, 129–136.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Ignatieff, M. (1978). A Just Measure of Pain: The Penitentiary in the Industrial Revolution. New York: Pantheon.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Illich, I. (1976). Medical Nemesis. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  4. Melzack, R. & Wall, P. D. (1965). Pain mechanisms: A new theory. Science, 150, 971–979.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Ruben, L. (1977). Worlds of Pain: Life in the Working Class. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The contributors 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Loeser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurological Surgery RI-20University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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