Evolution of the Ideal City

  • R. C. Cross
  • A. D. Woozley


With the sketch of the basic city complete, Glaucon protests (372d) that the life which it provides will be excessively austere, making it “ a city of pigs”, and that the inhabitants will demand some provision of comfort, such as household furniture and variety in food. Socrates, while still regarding the original as being the true, healthy city, is prepared to consider its growth into a “luxurious” and “swollen” community, for that way they might more easily discern how justice and injustice find their way into society (372e). From the description, first of this development of sophistication, and then of the measures required to restore and maintain civic health, evolves the final and ideal form of city, in which the nature of justice may be identified and characterised.


Economic Class Healthy City Political Principle Original Principle Correct Belief 
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Copyright information

© R. C. Cross and A. D. Woozley 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. C. Cross
    • 1
  • A. D. Woozley
    • 2
  1. 1.University of AberdeenUK
  2. 2.University of VirginiaUSA

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