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Foreign Intervention in the Spanish Civil War

  • Robert H. Whealey
Chapter
Part of the Problems in Focus Series book series (PFS)

Abstract

The outbreak of the Civil War in July 1936 revealed that Spain was threatened with anarchy; at the same time the international system could also be described as one of anarchy. The five Great Powers with the greatest interest in Spain — Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and the Soviet Union — all pursued different and mutually conflicting policies.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Arnold J. Toynbee, assisted by V. M. Boulter, Survey of International Affairs 1937, ii: The International Repercussions of the War in Spain (1936- 1937) (London, 1938), pp. 170–1.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Robert H. Whealey, ‘Mussolini’s Ideological Diplomacy: An Unpublished Document’, in Journal of Modern History, xxxix (Dec 1967), 432–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 5.
    Roberto Cantalupo, Fu la Spagna (Milan, 1948), p. 63; Luis Bolin, Spain (London, 1967), pp. 52–3, 167–90, 173; Robert A. Friedlander, ‘The July 1936 Military Rebellion in Spain: Background and Beginnings’ (MS. thesis, Northwestern University, June 1963), ff. 215–25, and ‘Great Power Politics’, in Historian (Nov 1965), 77–8.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Joaquin Arrarâs, La Cruzada, xxxviii (Madrid, 1940), 99; Hugh Thomas, The Spanish Civil War (London, 1961), pp. 214, 232, who cites Arrarâs, La Cruzada, and an ex-French communist. Also two articles by Jean Creach, Le Monde, 20–21 Dec 1950. Sketchy accounts were published at the time in Le Matin, 6 Aug 1936, and The New York Times (Paris), 7 Aug 1936, 3:3, and ibid. 11 Aug, 2:4.Google Scholar
  5. 18.
    Malraux, Man’s Hope (New York, 1938), p. 96; Telegram from U.S. Navy U.S.S. Quincy, Spanish waters, to state department, rec. 14 Aug 1936, SD 852.00/2589; (uncensored report, Madrid via Hendaye, 17 Aug) The New York Times, 18 Aug 1936, 2:2 and 26 Aug 1936, 3:3.Google Scholar
  6. 31.
    J. R. Hubbard, ‘British Public Opinion and the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939’ (Ph.D. thesis, University of Texas, June 1950), f. 161; Bolin claims the republicans had 1800, op. cit. p. 354. Daladier told Chamberlain that the republicans had 800 Russian and French planes, 25 Sept 1938, Doc. Brit. For. Pol. (3), iii, doc. 1093.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Raymond Carr, Edward Malefakis, Richard Robinson, Stanley Payne, Burnett Bolloten, Ramón Salas Larrazábal, Ricardo de la Cierva y de Hoces, Robert H. Whealey, Hugh Thomas 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert H. Whealey

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