Planning for Disaster: Developing a Multi-Agency Counselling Service

  • W. J. Gregory
  • G. Midgley
Part of the The OR Essentials series book series (ORESS)


Multi-agency planning is becoming increasingly important to organisations, especially those concerned with delivering services for the benefit of the community. This paper describes how a modified version of the methods from soft systems methodology (SSM), chosen through methodological reflections informed by critical systems thinking, was used to support the planning of a multi-agency counselling service that could be activated in the event of a disaster. Representatives of nineteen agencies were involved in this exercise, working together in six, one-day workshops. Feedback from participants, using four evaluation criteria (derived from the principles of SSM and the stated priorities of workshop participants), suggests that the methods of SSM, modified as described, show a great deal of promise as a support to multi-agency planning.


Conceptual Model National Health Service Soft System Meth Relevant System Rich Picture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Operational Research Society 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. J. Gregory
    • 1
  • G. Midgley
    • 1
  1. 1.University of HullUK

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