Existential Crisis of the Chinese Communist Party?
This chapter studies the CCP’s concerns about the continuation of its rule and how it addressed these concerns in post-Mao China (1976–2012). Existential crises have been a constant concern for Chinese leaders. This chapter argues that the CCP’s concerns mainly derive from: the gap between the reality of the political economy in China and the party’s ideological basis and commitment to socialism; the justification of its founder, Mao Zedong; and the negative consequences caused by rapid economic growth. These three sources of existential concerns have been shifting over the past four decades.
KeywordsCommunist Party Socialist Economy Chinese Communist Party Socioeconomic Inequality Primary Stage
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