Ontologies in the Geographic Information Sector

  • Roland Billen
  • Javier Nogueras-Iso
  • F. Javier López-Pellicer
  • Luis M. Vilches-Blázquez
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing book series (AI&KP, volume 1)

Abstract

Geographical information (GI) or geoinformation describes phenomena associated directly or indirectly with a location (coordinates systems, address systems…) with respect to the Earth’s surface. Such phenomena can be either spatially discrete (represented by geometric primitives like points, lines, regions, etc.) such as a municipality, a road axis, etc. or spatially continuous (represented by interpolation on an image grid for example) such as terrain’s elevation, pollution diffusion, etc. GI is created by manipulating geographic data (or geospatial data) in a computerized system. Geospatial data can be acquired by different means: topographic survey, remote sensing, aerial photographs, GPS, laserscan, and all other types of sensors or survey techniques. Traditionally, these data are the core component of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), which is the term commonly used to refer to the software packages that allow to capture, store, check, integrate, manipulate, analyze and display them.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roland Billen
    • 1
  • Javier Nogueras-Iso
    • 2
  • F. Javier López-Pellicer
    • 2
  • Luis M. Vilches-Blázquez
    • 3
  1. 1.Geomatics UnitUniversity of LiegeLiegeBelgium
  2. 2.Computer Science and Systems Engineering DepartmentUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  3. 3.Ontology Engineering GroupUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

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