Energetic Use of Biomass and Biofuels

  • Lucia RecchiaEmail author
  • Paolo Boncinelli
  • Enrico Cini
  • Marco Vieri
  • Francesco Garbati Pegna
  • Daniele Sarri
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Olive oil production is one of the most important activities of the agricultural sector in the Mediterranean region. Considering that olive-groves significantly characterise the landscape and that olive pruning requires large labour input and costs, farmers have to organize the pruning operation assuring economical sustainability. For this reason the energetic use of olive pruning has been adopted in many farms, even if the collection and treatment of the residues could imply additional costs in field operations. Therefore, in order to analyze the pros and cons of different alternatives for olive pruning management, a methodological approach able to take into account both the economical and environmental aspects must be implemented. In this chapter, 35 possible scenarios are illustrated and evaluated: based on the chosen criteria, solutions which present limited fuel consumptions, reduced transports and the biomass use in small- or medium-sized combustion plants, are preferred.


Wood Chip Environmental Impact Assessment Operative Capacity Atmospheric Emission Energy Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Ambiente Italia (2002) Programma di azioni a supporto dell’iniziativa delle amministrazioni locali in attuazione della convenzione quadro sui cambiamenti climatici. Ambiente Italia, RomaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    ANPA (2001) I rifiuti del comparto agroalimentare. ANPA-Unità Normativa Tecnica, RomaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Area Science Park (2006) Energia dalle biomasse: le tecnologie, i vantaggi per i processi produttivi, i valori economici e ambientali. Consorzio per l’AREA di ricerca scientifica e tecnologica di Trieste AREA Science Park, TriesteGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    ARSIA (2004) Le colture dedicate ad uso energetico, Quaderno n.6. ARSIA, FirenzeGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Beaufoy G (2001) The environmental impact of olive oil production in the European Union: practical options for improving the environmental impact. European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism and the Asociacion para el Analisis y Reforma de la Politica Agro-rural, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    BIOSIT (2003) GIS based methodology and algorithm. BIOSIT project, LIFE00 ENV/IT/000054, FirenzeGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chechi G (2007) Recuperi energetici in azienda agricola con indirizzo olivicolo e fruttifero. Master thesis in agro-engineering at the University of Florence, A.A. 2006/2007Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cini E, Recchia L (2008) Energia da biomassa un’opportunità per le aziende agricole. Pacini Editore, PisaGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    CTI (2003) Biocombustibili: specifiche e classificazione, Raccomandazione R03/1. MilanoGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    EC (2010) Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on sustainability requirements for the use of solid and gaseous biomass sources in electricity, heating and cooling, SEC 65-66 (2010). BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    EEA (2007) Estimating the environmentally compatible bioenergy potential from agriculture, Technical report. EEA, Copenhagen. ISBN 978-92-9167-969-0Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    ENAMA (2005) Prontuario dei consumi di carburante per l’impiego agevolato in agricoltura. ENAMA, RomaGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ENEA (2005) Le fonti rinnovabili: lo sviluppo delle rinnovabili in Italia tra necessità e opportunità. ENEA, RomaGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    ENEA (2009) Usi termici delle fonti rinnovabili. In: Proceedings of the workshop “Usi termici delle fonti rinnovabili”, Roma, 11 novembre 2009Google Scholar
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
    Ghafghazi S, Sowlati T, Sokhansanj S, Melin S (2009) A multicriteria approach to evaluate district heating system options. Appl Energy. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.06.021
  17. 17.
    ITABIA (2003) Rapporto sullo stato della bioenergia in Italia al 2002. RomaGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Recchia L, Daou M, Rimediotti M, Cini E, Vieri M (2009) New shredding machine for recycling pruning residuals. Biomass Bioenergy 33:149–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Recchia L, Cini E, Corsi S (2010) Multicriteria analysis to evaluate the energetic reuse of riparian vegetation. Appl Energy 87:310–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Riva G, Alberti M (2005) Il controllo e la certificazione delle emissioni in impianti a legna., MessinaGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Spinelli R, Picchi G (2010) Industrial harvesting of olive tree pruning residue for energy biomass. Bioresour Technol 101:730–735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Woodland Energy (2009) La filiera Legno-Energia come strumento di valorizzazione delle biomasse legnose agroforestali, Woodland energy project, Probio-MiPAAF programme. LCD srl, FirenzeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucia Recchia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paolo Boncinelli
    • 1
  • Enrico Cini
    • 1
  • Marco Vieri
    • 1
  • Francesco Garbati Pegna
    • 1
  • Daniele Sarri
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Economia, Ingegneria, Scienze e Tecnologie Agrarie e, ForestaliUniversità degli Studi FirenzeFlorenceItaly

Personalised recommendations