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Interaction Between Chloroplasts and Mitochondria: Activity, Function, and Regulation of the Mitochondrial Respiratory System during Photosynthesis

  • Keisuke YoshidaEmail author
  • Ko Noguchi
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Plant Biology book series (AIPB, volume 1)

Abstract

Activities of the plant mitochondrial respiratory system are flexibly and drastically modulated in response to variations in natural conditions, such as the light environment. Accumulating studies addressing the interactions between chloroplasts and mitochondria have provided evidence for the critical importance of the mitochondrial respiratory system for optimal photosynthetic performance. In this organelle cross-talk, several unique reactions and components in the plant mitochondria, such as the photorespiratory metabolism and the non-proton-pumping respiratory pathways, play key roles. In this chapter, we review recent advances of understanding about the activity, function, and regulation of the mitochondrial respiratory system during photosynthesis.

Keywords

Alternative oxidase Organelle cross-talk Photorespiration Photosynthesis Redox-shuttling 

Abbreviations

AOX

Alternative oxidase

C

Carbon

COX

Cytochrome c oxidase

CP

Cytochrome pathway

GDC

Glycine decarboxylase complex

MRR

Mitochondrial retrograde regulation

N

Nitrogen

NDex

External type II NAD(P)H dehydrogenase

NDin

Internal type II NAD(P)H dehydrogenase

NDs

Type II NAD(P)H dehydrogenases

PDC

Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

TCA cycle

Tricarboxylic acid cycle

UCP

Uncoupling protein

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge Drs. K. Oikawa, S. Mano, and Prof. M. Nishimura (National Institute for Basic Biology) for kindly providing the image shown in Fig. 15.1b. We also acknowledge Prof. W. Sakamoto (Okayama University), Drs. D. Tholen (CAS-MPG Partner Institute), and K. Iwabuchi (Osaka University) for helpful advice.

Glossary

Cyclic electron transport around photosystem I (CET-PSI):

Photosynthetic electron transport depending solely on the photosystem I (PSI) photochemical reaction, not on the photosystem II (PSII). Because electrons are recycled from NAD(P)H or ferredoxin to plastoquinone (PQ), CET-PSI can generate ΔpH without accumulating NADPH.

Light-enhanced dark respiration (LEDR):

A large transient increase in the respiratory rate detected during light-dark transfer in photosynthetic eukaryotes. LEDR reflects an increased supply of nonphotorespiratory substrates that accumulate during photosynthesis.

Rday:

Nonphotorespiratory CO2 release rate in the light.

Redox-shuttling:

Reductant transport machinery across the organelle envelope. For example, Malate (Mal)-oxaloacetate (OAA) shuttle, Mal-aspartate (Asp) shuttle and triose phosphate (TP)-phosphoglycerate (PGA) shuttle are known.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical Resources LaboratoryTokyo Institute of TechnologyYokohamaJapan

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