Electrophysiological and Neuroimaging Techniques in Neuropsychology

  • Margaret Semrud-Clikeman
  • Phyllis Anne Teeter Ellison

Abstract

There are technological advances in all areas of medicine, and the techniques to diagnose neuropsychological problems are no exception. These advances have moved neuropsychology from a practice emphasizing assessment to determine focal and diffuse lesions to one of developing interventions to compensate for brain damage or neurodevelopmental differences. Historically, neuropsychology has concentrated on the ability to diagnose cerebral lesions on the basis of behavioral data. This emphasis was necessary because technology was unable to provide the evidence for such diagnoses. With the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), lesions, brain tumors, and brain conditions that previously could be seen only with surgery or at autopsy can now be observed in the living patient. Because the neuropsychologist will consult on cases that utilize neuroradiological and electrophysiological techniques, it is important to understand what these basic techniques involve and what they reveal to the clinician. This chapter will provide information about common neuroradiological and electrophysiological techniques with an emphasis on the information neuropsychologists and psychologists need for their practice.

Keywords

Positron Emission Tomography Autistic Spectrum Disorder Corpus Callosum Anterior Cingulate Cortex Poor Reader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret Semrud-Clikeman
    • 1
  • Phyllis Anne Teeter Ellison
    • 2
  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityLansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

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