Reduced Oxygenation In Diabetic Rat Kidneys Measured By T2* Weighted Magnetic Resonance Micro-Imaging
By applying invasive techniques for direct measurements of oxygen tension, we have reported decreased kidney oxygenation in experimental diabetes in rats. However, the non-invasive MRI technique utilizing the BOLD effect provides several advantages with the possibility to perform repetitive measurements in the same animals and in human subjects. In this study, we applied a modified single gradient echo microimaging sequence to detect the BOLD effect in kidneys of diabetic rats and compared the results to normoglycemic controls. All measurements were performed on inactin-anaesthetized adult male Wistar Furth rats. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (45 mg/kg) 14 days prior to MRI-analysis. Sixteen T2*-weighted image records (B0=1.5 T) were performed using radiofrequency spoiled gradient echo sequence with 2.6 ms step increments of TE (TE1=12 ms), while TR (75 ms) and bandwidth per pixel (71.4 Hz) were kept constant. T2* maps were computed by mono-exponential fitting of the pixel intensities. Relaxation rates R2* (1/T2*) in cortex and outer stripe of the outer medulla were similar in both groups (cortex for controls 22.3±0.4 vs. diabetics 23.1±1.8 Hz and outer stripe of outer medulla for controls 24.9±0.4 vs. diabetics 26.4±1.8 Hz; n=4 in both groups), whereas R2* was increased in the inner stripe of the outer medulla in diabetic rats (diabetics 26.1±2.4 vs. controls 18.8±1.4 Hz; n=4, P<0.05). This study demonstrates that experimental diabetes in rats induces decreased oxygenation of the renal outer medulla. Furthermore, the proposed T2*-weighted MR micro-imaging technique is suitable for detection of regional changes in kidney oxygenation in experimental animal models.
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