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Sapphire pp 55-176 | Cite as

Properties of Sapphire

  • Elena R. Dobrovinskaya
  • Leonid A. Lytvynov
  • Valerian Pishchik
Part of the Micro- and Opto-Electronic Materials, Structures, and Systems book series (MOEM)

Abstract

  • Mirror-turn axis of the sixth order (ternary inversion axis)

  • Three axes of the second order normal to it

  • Three symmetry planes normal to the axes of the second order and intercrossing along the axis of the highest order

  • Symmetry center

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena R. Dobrovinskaya
    • 1
  • Leonid A. Lytvynov
    • 2
  • Valerian Pishchik
    • 3
  1. 1.Rubicon TechnologyFranklin ParkUSA
  2. 2.Scientific Technological ComplexInstitute for Single CrystalsKharkovUkraine
  3. 3.Gavish, Ltd.Sapphire ProductsOmerIsrael

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