Impact of CEW and Other Types of Force and Resistance on Officer and Suspect Injuries

  • Michael R. Smith
  • Robert J. Kaminski
  • Jeffrey Rojek
  • Geoffrey P. Alpert
  • Jason Mathis

The use of force by police has been the subject of empirical inquiry for more than 40 years. In that time, much has been learned about the nature and extent of the force used by police and the conditions and correlates that affect its application. Among the most important issues that have received attention from use-of-force researchers over the years are those involving injuries to officers and suspects. Almost half a century later, however, much of the research on injuries remains descriptive in nature or contains substantial data and analytic limitations that prevent the research from being used optimally to make policy or training decisions at the agency level. Furthermore, with the proliferation in recent years of conducted electrical weapons (CEWs) such as those of the Taser® and Stinger® brands, questions have arisen regarding the safety of such weapons and what their impact has been on injuries and in-custody deaths [1]. The lack of cross over research on CEWs and injuries has again left law enforcement agencies without the information they need to make sound policy decisions or to respond to inquiries from citizens, special interest groups, and policy-makers, some of whom question whether CEWs are an appropriate nonlethal alternative for general police use.


Active Aggression Major Injury Deadly Force American Civil Liberty Union Oleoresin Capsicum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael R. Smith
  • Robert J. Kaminski
  • Jeffrey Rojek
  • Geoffrey P. Alpert
  • Jason Mathis

There are no affiliations available

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