Innovation Strategies and Innovation Problems in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: An Empirical Study

  • Ismail Bakan
  • Bulent Yildiz

Abstract

Innovation may become the basis of all competition in the future. Therefore, organizational theorists and managers alike have long shown more interest in the role of innovation in organizations, primarily due to the crucial role innovation plays in securing sustained competitive advantage. As organizations attempt to get competitive advantage, they develop and/or adopt new products, processes, techniques, or procedures. The aim of the study is to investigate the innovation activities in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs). The survey collected information about product and process innovation as well as organizational and marketing innovation. The research data were collected by the questionnaires applied in the cities of Gaziantep and Kahramanmaras. The data were analyzed by using the SPSS program.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. AMA (2006). The Quest for Innovation, A Global Study of Innovation Management 2006–2016, American Management Association: New York.Google Scholar
  2. Amit, R. and Zott, C. (2001). Value creation in e-business. Strategic Management Journal, 22(6/7), 493–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Banbury, C. and Mitchell, W.(1995). The effect of introducing important incremental innovations on market share and business survival. Strategic Management Journal, 16, 161–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barclay, I., Holroyd, P., and Poolton, J.,(1994). A Sphenomorphic Model for the Management of Innovation in a Complex Environment. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 15(7), 33–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. BCG (2006). The Boston Consulting Group 2006 Senior Management Innovation Survey. Boston Consulting Group: Boston, USA.Google Scholar
  6. Boer, H., Caffyn, S., Corso, M., Coughlan, P., Gieskes, J., Magnusson, M., Pavesi, S., and Ronchi, S.(2001). Knowledge and continuous innovation The CIMA methodology. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 21(4), 490–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cumming, B.S.(1998). Innovation overview and future challenges. European Journal of Innovation Management, 1(1), 21–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Daghfous, N., Petrof, J.V., and Pons, F.(1999). Values and adoption of innovations: a cross cultural study. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 16(4), 314–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Deloitte Research(2001). Creating Unique Customer Experiences: The Next Stage of Integrated Product Development. New York, NY: Deloitte Research.Google Scholar
  10. Deloitte Research(2003). Move over Barcodes: Consumer Goods Firms Eye Radio Frequency ID. New York, NY: Deloitte Research.Google Scholar
  11. ECIS (2001). Eindhoven Centre for Innovation Studies, Research Design for the South African Innovation Survey. Working Paper 01.02.(L.A.G. Oerlemans, A.J. Buys and M.W. Pretorius) The Netherlands: Faculty of Technology Management, Eindhowen University of Technology.Google Scholar
  12. European Innovation Scoreboard (2006). Comparative Analysis Of Innovation Performance, http://www.proinno-europe.eu/inno-metrics.html.
  13. Glover, C. and Smethurst S. (2003). Great Ideas Wanted. People Management Online (April 8). Retrieved from www.peoplemanagement.co.uk.
  14. Glynn, M.A.(1996). Innovative genius: a framework for relating individual and organizational intelligences to innovation. The Academy of Management Review, 21(4), 1081–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hamel, G. (2006). The Why, What and How of Management Innovation. Harvard Business Review (February) 72–84.Google Scholar
  16. Hart, S.(1996). New Product Development. London: Dryden Press.Google Scholar
  17. Herbig, P., Golden, J.E., and Dunphy, S.(1994). The Relationship of Structure to Entrepreneurial and Innovative Success. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 12(9), 37–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hitt, M., Hoskisson, E., Johnson, R., Richard, A., and Moesel, D.D.(1996). The market for corporate control and firm innovation. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 1084–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Innovation Survey (2000–2002). Statistical Service, 1444 Nicosia.Google Scholar
  20. Jankowski, J.A. (2006). National and International Context for Innovation-Related Statistics. Arlington, Virginia: National Science Foundation Division of Science Resources Statistics.Google Scholar
  21. Johne, A.(1999). Successful market innovation. European Journal of Innovation Management 2(1), 6–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kanter, R.M.(1999). From spare change to real change: the social sector as Beta site for business innovation. Harvard Business Review, 77(3), 122–32.Google Scholar
  23. Koudal, P. and Coleman,G.C.(2005). Coordinating operations to enhance innovation in the global corporation. Strategy & Leadership, 33(4), 20–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lee-Mortimer, A.(1995). Managing innovation and risk. World Class Design to Manufacture, 2(5), 38–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Linder, J.C., Jarvenpaa, S., and Davenport, T.H.(2003). Towards an innovation sourcing strategy. MIT Sloan Management Review, 44(4), 43–9.Google Scholar
  26. McEvily, S.K., Eisenhardt, K.M.M., and Prescott, J.E.(2004). The global acquisition, leverage, and protection of technological competencies. Strategic Management Journal, 25(8/9), 713–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. MORI (2005). Innovation Survey 2005, Research Study Conducted for the CBI/Qinetiq, UK.Google Scholar
  28. Mullins, L.J.(1990). Management and Organizational Behavior (2nd. Edition). London: Pitman Publishing.Google Scholar
  29. North Staffordshire UK DRIVE Partners(2006). SME Innovation Survey Analysis – North Staffordshire (UK) Partners, UK.Google Scholar
  30. O’Regan, N.(2004). Testing the homogeneity of SMEs. European Business Review, 16(1), 64–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. O’Regan, N. and Ghobadian, A.(2005). Innovation in SMEs: the impact of strategic orientation and environmental perceptions. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 54(2), 81–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Oerlemans, L.A.G., Buys, A.J., and Pretorius, M.W.(2001). Research Design for the South African Innovation Survey 2001, Working Paper 01.02, The Netherlands: Eindhoven Centre for Innovation Studies.Google Scholar
  33. Pearson, A.E.(2002). Tough-Minded Ways to Get Innovative. Harvard Business Review.Google Scholar
  34. Permanent Innovation Survey (2007). Results of the Permanent Innovation Survey Summary Report, InnovationLabs in November/December 2007. www.innovationlabs.com
  35. Peters, T.J. and Waterman, R.H.(1982). In Search of Excellence. Harper and Row: USAGoogle Scholar
  36. Porter, M.E.(1998). On Competition, Harvard Business School: Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  37. Prahalad, C.K. and Ramaswamy, V.(2003). The new frontier of experience innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review, 44(4), 12–18.Google Scholar
  38. Roberts, P.W.(1999). Product innovation, product-market competition and persistent profitability in the US pharmaceutical industry. Strategic Management Journal, 20(7), 655–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rothwell, R.(1994). Towards the Fifth-generation Innovation Process. International Marketing Review, 11(1), 7–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Schumann, P. and Prestwood, D.(1994). Innovate!. USA: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  41. Senge, P.M. and Carstedt, G.(2001). Innovating our way to the next industrial revolution. MIT Sloan Management Review, 42(2), 24–38.Google Scholar
  42. SGS Consulting (2002). SMEs: a national survey, March, SGS 5251/0302.Google Scholar
  43. Shoham, A. and Fieganbaum, A.(2002). Competitive determinants of organizational risk-taking attitude: the role of strategic reference points. Management Decision, 40(2), 127–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Shrader, C., Mulford, C. and Blackburn, V.(1989). Strategic and operational planning, uncertainty, and performance in small firms. Journal of Small Business Management, 27(4), 45–60.Google Scholar
  45. South African Innovation Survey (2005). South African Innovation Survey 2005 Highlights, Republic Of South Africa: Department Of Science And Technology.Google Scholar
  46. Stefik, M. and Stefik, P.(2004). Breakthrough Stories and Strategies of Radical Innovation. The MIT Press: LondonGoogle Scholar
  47. Strategic Direction(2004). Innovations: Innovation performance and the role of senior management. Strategic Direction, 20(5), 28–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Terziovski, M.(2004). Assessment of Innovation Capability Models to Create Innovation Driven Companies, Australian Research Council Discovery Project, The University of Melbourne, Australia.Google Scholar
  49. The Fourth Community Innovation Survey(CIS IV)(2004) Statistik Austria.Google Scholar
  50. Thomas, M. and Jones, P.(1998). UK results from the 2nd Community Innovation Survey. Department of Trade and Industry: LondonGoogle Scholar
  51. Thompson, J. L.(2004). Innovation through people. Management Decision, 42(9), 1082–1094.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Thunderbolt Thinking, Innovation Survey, www.thunderboltthinking.com, 15.09.2007.
  53. Thomas M. and Jones P. UK 2nd Community Innovation Survey. Department of Trade and Industry, London, and Office For National Statistics:Newport.Google Scholar
  54. U.S. Census Bureau(2006). Measuring USA Innovative Activity, NSF/SRS Workshop on Advancing Measures of Innovations: Knowledge Flows, Business Metrics, and Measurement Strategies, Arlington, VA June 6–7, 2006.Google Scholar
  55. West, G.(1994). Innovate to Accumulate. World Class Design to Manufacture, 1(3), 11–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zott, C. (2003). Dynamic capabilities and the emergence of intra industry differential firm performance: insights from a simulation study. Strategic Management Journal, 4(2), 97–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ismail Bakan
    • 1
  • Bulent Yildiz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ManagementKahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University KahramanmarasTurkey

Personalised recommendations