Oil Crops pp 1-30 | Cite as

Oil Crop Breeding and Genetics

  • Johann Vollmann
  • Istvan Rajcan
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)


Oil crops have considerably gained in importance to world agriculture and associated industries over the past 25 years. The total area of land devoted to oil crop cultivation has seen an increase from 160 million hectares in 1980 to 247 million hectares in 2005 (Fig. 1.1), whereas the world-wide acreage of cereals has dropped from 717 to about 670 million hectares over the same period of time. Annual world oil crop production has risen from 278 million metric tonnes in 1980 to about 711 million metric tonnes in year 2005 (Fig. 1.1). This remarkable expansion of production is due to the process of concentration on major oil crop species and at the same time to yield increases per unit area through refined agronomic practice and plant breeding. As illustrated in Table 1.1, soybean, rapeseed, sunflower and oil palm are the major crops contributing to the increase of the overall oil crop cultivation area, whereas the acreages of cotton seed, linseed, safflower and castor had...


Quantitative Trait Locus Oilseed Rape Erucic Acid Genetically Modify Crop Erucic Acid Content 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU)Institute of Agronomy and Plant BreedingViennaAustria
  2. 2.Dept. Plant AgricultureUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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