Women and Traumatic Brain Injury

Chapter
Part of the Issues of Diversity in Clinical Neuropsychology book series (ISSUESDIV)

References

  1. Alkayed, H. J., Harukami, I., & Kimes, A. S. (1998). Gender-linked brain injury in experimental stroke. Stroke, 29, 159–166.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Angele, M. K., Ayala, A., Monfils, B. A., Cioffi, W. G., Bland, K. I., & Chaudry, I. H. (1998). Testosterone and or low estradiol normally required but harmful immunologically for males after traumatic hemorrhage. Journal of Trauma, 44, 78–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benedict, H. (2007). The private war of women soldiers. http:http://www.salon.com/news/features/2007/03/07/women_in_military/.
  4. Bounds, T., Schopp, L., Johnstone, B., Unger, C., & Goldman, H. (2003). Gender differences in a sample of vocational rehabilitation clients with traumatic brain injury. NeuroRehabilitation, 18, 189–196.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bremner, J. D., & Vermetten, E. (2004). Neuroanatomical changes associated with pharmacotherapy in posttraumatic stress disorder. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences, 1032, 154–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Broshek, D. K., Kaushik, T., Freeman, J. R., Erlanger, D., Webbe, F., & Barth, J. T. (2005). Sex differences in outcome following sports-related concussion. Journal of Neurosurgery, 102(5), 856–863.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bryant, P. A., & Marvey, A. G. (2003). Gender difference in the relationship between acute stress disorder and post traumatic stress disorder following motor vehicle accidents. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 37, 226–229. Google Scholar
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Traumatic Brain Injury. Retrieved July 28, 2007, from http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/factsheets/tbi.htm.
  9. Cerghet, M., Skoff, R. P., Bessert, D., Zhang, Z., Mulins, C., & Ghandour, M. S. (2006). Proliferation and death of oligodendrocytes and myelin proteins are differentially regulated in male and female rodents. Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 1439–1447.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Choudhry, M. A., Schwacha, M., Hubbard, W., Kerby, J., Rue, L. W., Bland, K., & Chaudry, I. H. (2005). Gender differences in acute response to trauma hemorrhage. Shock, 24(1), 101–106.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Coimbra, R., Hoyt, D. B., Potenza, B. M., Fortlage, D., & Hollingsworth-Fridlund, P. (2003). Does sexual dimorphism influence outcome of traumatic brain injury patients? The answer is no! Journal of Trauma, 54, 689–700.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clark, A. S., Goldman-Rakic, P. S. (1989). Gonadal hormones influence the emergence of cortical function in nonhuman primates. Behavioural Neuroscience, 103(6), 1287–95. Google Scholar
  13. Corrigon, J. D., Smith-Knapp, K., Granger, C. V. (1998). Outcomes in the first 5 years after traumatic brain injury. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 79(3), 298–305. Google Scholar
  14. Conejo, N. M., Gonzalez-Pardo, H., Pedraza, C., Navarro, F., Vallejo, G., & Arias, J. L. (2003). Evidence for sexual differences in astrocytes of adult rate hippocampus. Neurosciences, 339, 119–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Covassin, T., Swanik, C., Sachs, M., Kendrick, Z., Schatz, P., Zillmer, E., & Kaminaris, C. (2006). Sex differences in baseline neuropsychological function and concussive symptoms of collegiate athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(11), 923–927.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Croce, M. A., Fabian, T. C., Malhotra, A. K., Bee, T. K., & Miller, P. R. (2002). Does biological sex influence outcome? Journal of Trauma, 53, 889–894.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Czlonkowska, A., Ciesielska, A., Gromadzka, G., & Kurkowska-Jastrzebska, I. (2005). Estrogen and cytokines production: possible cause of gender differences in neurological disease. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 11, 1017–1030.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Deb, S., Lyons, I., & Koutzoukis, C. (1999). Neurobehavioral symptoms one year after a head injury. British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 360–365.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. DeGraba, T. J., & Pettigrew, L. C. (2000). Why do neuroprotective drugs work in animals but not humans? Neurology Clinics, 18, 475–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Diodato, M. D., Knoferl, M. W., Schwacha, M. G., Bland, K. I., & Chaudry, I. H. (2001). Biological sex differences in the inflammatory response and survival following hemorrhagic and subsequent sepsis. Cytokine, 14, 162–169.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Donders, J., & Hoffman, N. M. (2002). Gender differences in learning and memory after pediatric traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychology, 16, 491–499.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Donders, J., & Woodward, H. R. (2003). Gender as a moderator of memory after traumatic brain injury in children. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 18(2), 106–115.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Farace, E., & Alves, W. M. (2000). Do women fare worse? A metaanalysis of gender differences in outcome after traumatic brain injury. Neurosurgical Focus, 8(1), E6.Google Scholar
  24. Farin, A., Deutsch, Biegon, A., & Marshall, L. F. (2003). Sex-related differences in patients with severe head injury: greater susceptibility to brain swelling in female patients 50 years of age and younger. Journal of Neurosurgery, 98, 32–36.Google Scholar
  25. Garcia-Segura, L. M., Azcoitia, I., & Don Carlos, L. L. (2001). Neuroprotection by estradiol. Progress Neurobiology, 63 29–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Girard, D., Brown, J., Burnett-Stolnack, M., Hashimoto, N., Hier-Wellmer, S., Perlman, O. Z., & Seigerman, C.(1996). The relationship of neuropsychological status and productive outcomes following traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 10 663–676.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Goldstein, J. M., Seidman, L. J., Horton, N. S., Makris, N., Kennedy, D. N., Caviness, V. S., Faraone, S. V., & Tsuang, M. T (2001). Normal sexual dimorphism of the adult human brain assessed by in vivo magnetic resonance imaging. Cereb Cortex, 11, 490–497. Google Scholar
  28. Groswasser, Z., Cohen, M., & Keren, O. (1998). Female TBI patients recover better than males. Brain Injury, 12, 805–808.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Groswasser, Z., Melamed, S., Agranov, E., & Keren, O. (1999). Return to work as an integrative outcome measure following traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 9, 493–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Harrison-Felix, C., Zafonte, R., Mann, N.,Dijkers, M., Englander, J., Kreutzer, J. (1998). Brain injury as a result of violence: preliminary findings from the traumatic brain injury model system. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 79, 730–737.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hindmarsh, G. J., O’Callahan, M. J., Mohay, H., & Rogers, Y. M. (2000).Gender differences in cognitive abilities at 2 years in ELBW infants. Early Infant Development, 60 115–122.Google Scholar
  32. Holbrook, T. L., & Hoyt, D. B. (2004). The impact of major trauma: quality of life outcomes are worse in women than in men, independent of mechanism and injury severity. Journal of Trauma Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 56(2), 284–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hulst, L. K., Fleishaker, J. C., Peters, G. R., Harry, J. D., Wright, D. M., & Ward, P. (1994). Effect of age and gender on tirilazad pharmacokinetics in humans. Clinical Pharmacologic Therapy, 55, 378–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hurn, P., & Brass, L. (2003). Estrogen and stroke. Stoke, 34, 338–343.Google Scholar
  35. Johnstone, B., Mount, D., & Schopp, L. H. (2003). Financial outcomes one year post traumatic brain injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 84, 238–241.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kaplan, J., & Thacker, S. B. (2000). Working to prevent and control injuries in the year 2000: the injury fact book for the year 2000. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.Google Scholar
  37. Kirkness, C. J., Burr, R. L., Mitchell, P. H., & Newell, D. W. (2004). Is there a sex difference in the course following traumatic brain injury? Biological Research for Nursing, 5(4), 299–310.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Kolb, B. & Whishaw, I. (2003). Fundamentals of human neuropsychology. New York, NY: Worth Publishers. Google Scholar
  39. Kraus, J. F., Peek-Asa, C., & McArthur, D. (2000). The independent effect of gender on outcomes following traumatic brain injury. Neurosurgery Focus, 8(1): e5.Google Scholar
  40. Lacreuse, A., Verreault, M., & Herndon, J. G. (2001). Fluctuations in spatial recognition memory across the menstrual cycle in female rhesus monkeys. Psychoneuroendrocrinology, 26, 623–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Langlois, J. A., Rutland-Brown, W., & Thomas, K. E. (2006). Traumatic brain injuries in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  42. Markham, J. A., McKian, K. P., Stroup, T., & Juraska, J. M. (2005). Sexually dimorphic aging of dendritic morphology in CA1 hippocampus. Hippocampus, 15, 97–103.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. McGarry, L. J., Thompson, D., Millham, F. H., Cowell, L., Snyder, P. H., Lenderking, W. R., & Weinstein, M. C. (2002). Outcomes and costs of acute treatment of traumatic brain injury. Journal of Trauma Injury Infection and Critical Care, 53(6), 1152–1159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Miller, J., Jayadev, S., Dodrill, C., & Ojemann, G. (2005). Gender differences in handedness and speech lateralization related to early neurologic insults. Neurology, 65(12), 1974–1975. Google Scholar
  45. Morrison, W. E., Arbelaez, J., Fackler, J. C., deMaio, A., & Paidas, C. N. (2004). Gender and age effects on outcome after pediatric traumatic brain injury. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 5, 145–151.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Mostafa, G., Huynh, T., Sing, R. F., Miles, W. S., Norton, J., & Thomason, M. H. (2002). Biological sex related outcomes in trauma. Journal of Trauma, 53, 430–435.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Napolitano, L. M., Greco, M. E., Rodriguez, A., Kufera, J. A., West, R. S., & Scalea, T. M. (2001). Gender differences in adverse outcomes after blunt trauma. Journal of Trauma, 50, 274–280.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. National Institutes of Health. (1999). Rehabilitation of Persons with Traumatic Brain Injury Consensus Statement. Washington, DC: NIH.Google Scholar
  49. Niemeier, J. P., Marwitz, J. H., Lesher, K., Walker, W., & Bushnik, R. (2007). Gender differences in executive functioning following traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 17(3), 293–313.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Ng, I., Lee, K. K., Lim, J. H. G., Wong, H. B., & Yan, X. Y. (2006). Investigating gender differences in outcome following severe traumatic brain injury in a predominantly Asian population. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 20(2), 73–78.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Okie, S. (2007). Iraq vets falling through the mental health cracks. http:http://www.healthfinder.gov/news/newstory.asp?docID-600320.
  52. Rabinowicz, T., Petetot, J. M., Gartside, P., Sheyn, D., Sheyn, T., & De, C. M. (2002). Structure of the cerebral cortex in men and women. Journal of Neuropathological Experimental Neurology, 61, 46–57.Google Scholar
  53. Rassovsky, Y., Satz, P., Alfano, M. S., Light, R. K., Zaucha, K., McArthus, D. L., & Hovada, D. (2006). Functional outcome in TBI: Neuropsychological, emotional, and behavioral mediators. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 28(4), 567–580.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Raz, S., Lauterbach, M. D., Hopkins, T. L., Glogowski, B. K., Porter, C. L., Riggs, W. W., & Sander, C. J. (1995). A female advantage in cognitive recovery from early cerebral assault. Developmental Psychology, 31(6), 958–966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Rivara, J. M., Jaffe, K. M., Polissar, N. L., Fay, G. C., Liao, S., & Martin, K. M. (1996). Predictors of family functioning and change three years after traumatic brain injury in children. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 77, 754–764.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Roof, R. L., Duvdevani, R., & Stein, D. G. (1993). Gender influences outcome of brain injury: progesterone plays a protective role. Brain Research, 607 333–336.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Roof, R. L., & Hall, E. D. (2000). Gender differences in acute CNS trauma and stroke: neuroprotective effects of estrogen and progesterone. Journal of Neurotrauma, 17, 367–388.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Seibert, P. S., Reedy, D. P., Hash, J., Webb, A., Stridh-igo, P., Basom, J., & Zimmerman, C. G. (2002). Brain injury: quality of life’s greatest challenges. Brain Injury, 16, 837–848.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Silberstein, S. D., & Merriam, G. R. (2000). Physiology of the menstrual cycle. Cephalagia, 20, 148–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Smith, M. J., Adams, L., Schmidt, P. J., Rubinow, D. R., & Wassermann, E. M. (2002). Effects of ovarian hormones on human cortical excitability. Annals of Neurology, 51, 599–603.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Stein, D. G. (2007). Sex differences in brain damage and recovery of function: experimental and clinical findings. Progress in Brain Research, 161, 339–351.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Taupin, P. (2006). Adult neurogenesis in mammals. Current Opinion in Molecular Therapy, 8 345–351.Google Scholar
  63. Webb, C. R., Wrigley, M., Yoels, W., & Fine, P. R. (1995). Explaining quality of life for persons with traumatic brain injuries two years after injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 76, 1113–1119.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Wood, R. L., & Rutterford, N. A. (2006). Demographic and cognitive predictors of long term psychosocial outcome following traumatic brain injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 12, 350–358.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Woodward, H., Winterhalter, K., Donders. J., Hackbarth, R., Kuldanek, A., & Sanfilippo, D. (1999). Prediction of neurobehavioral outcome 1–5 years post pediatric traumatic head injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 13, 351–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Zoroya, G. (2007). Scientists: brain injuries from war worse than thought. USA Today 8A.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

Personalised recommendations