Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIX pp 275-284
Tumor-specific Nano-entities for Optical Detection and Hyperthermic Treatment of Breast Cancer
The ultimate goal of this study is to develop a tumor-specific multi-functional, nano-entity that can be used for both cancer detection and treatment. Low heat (42~45°C) hyperthermia is an effective cancer treatment method with little side effect. Magnetic nanoparticles, such as Fe3O4, can be heated by alternating electromagnetic (AEM) fields at well selected frequencies, without heating normal tissue. Nanogold particles (NGPs) are effective optical absorbers and also excellent fluorescent enhancers. Therefore, coating gold on Fe3O4 particles can enhance the optical contrast as well as keeping the particle property for hyperthermia. Indocyanine green (ICG), a FDA approved fluorophore, has a very low quantum yield, and its fluorescence can be enhanced by linking ICGto gold-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH), which has high affinity to breast cancer, can be used for tumor-specific targeting. Our study results showed: Fe3O4 particles at a size range of 10~30 nm can be heated well by an AEM field at a rate of 18°C/wt%-minute; the fluorescence of ICG was extensively enhanced by NGPs; LHRH-coated gold nanoparticles provided as much cancer specificity as LHRHalone. Combining these properties in one entity, i.e.,LHRH/ICGlinked, gold-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles, can be a tumor-specific nano-agent for optical detection and electro-magnetically induced hyperthermia for breast cancer.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.F. Kristian Storm, Hyperthermia in Cancer Therapy, (G. K. Hall Medical Publishers, Boston, MA, 1983).Google Scholar
- 13.R. Eckert, D. Randall, and G. Augustin, Animal Physiology, 3rd Edition, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 435–473, (1988).Google Scholar
- 19.T. L. Troy, B. W. Pogue, E. D. Genety, S. B. Poplack, O. L. Osterburg, and K. D. Paulsen, Spectroscopic diffuse optical tomography for the quantitative assessments of hemoglobin concentration and oxygen saturation in human breast tissue, Appl. Opt., 38(25), 5480–5490, (1999).Google Scholar
- 21.D. F. Bruley, Pulse reduction code written for process identification (personal communication), (1974).Google Scholar
- 23.H. Jin and K. A. Kang, Application of Novel Metal Nanoparticles as Optical/Thermal Agents in Optical Mammography and Hyperthermic Treatment for Breast Cancer, Proceedings of the 33rd ISOTT Annual Meeting, August 28-September 2, Brisbane, Australia, Manuscript Submitted, (2005).Google Scholar