Electrochemistry at the Nanoscale

Part of the series Nanostructure Science and Technology pp 435-466


Self-Organized Oxide Nanotube Layers on Titanium and Other Transition Metals

  • P. SchmukiAffiliated withDepartment of Materials Science, LKO, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Email author 

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Self-organized nanostructures of different metals or semiconductors have received considerable attention due to the anticipated high technological potential of these materials. For Al it is long known that anodization in various solutions leads to the formation of ordered porous oxide layers [1–4]. Since the remarkable work of Masuda et al. [1], it is clear that very high degree of order can be achieved with these porous geometries.Many applications of these ordered alumina structures have been shown, for example, using it as a photonic crystal [5], or as a template for the deposition of other materials [6–8].