National policies and programs can be an important tool for the realization of ICTs promise in education and some of their major components are the focus of this chapter. The chapter presents a framework of alternative rationales and program components that can be used by researchers and policymakers to analyze, formulate, revise, and compare national ICT efforts. The framework consists of four alternative policy rationales-or “strategic” policy positions-and five components of ICT programs, or “operational” policies. Strategic and operational policies of various countries are used to illustrate these rationales and components. The chapter concludes with recommendations that countries can use when formulating or updating their educational ICT plans.


Operational policy Policy alignment Policy rationales Private-public partnerships Strategic policy IT policy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert B. Kozma
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Technology in LearningSRI InternationalMenlo ParkUSA

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