An analysis of security and privacy issues relating to RFID enabled ePassports
The European Union sees the introduction of the ePassport as a step towards rendering passports more secure against forgery while facilitating more reliable border controls. In this paper we take an interdisciplinary approach to the key security and privacy issues arising from the use of ePassports. We further analyse how European data protection legislation must be respected and what additional security measures must be integrated in order to safeguard the privacy of the EU ePassport holder.
- 1.ICAO = International Civil Aviation Organization, http://www.icao.int.
- 2.Information available via http://www.icao.int/mrtd/publications/doc.cfm.
- 4.A. Juels, D. Molnar, and D. Wagner, Security and Privacy Issues in E-passports, IEEE SecureComm 2005; available online at http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/dmolnar/papers/RFID-passports.pdf. The term ‘intended’ indicates the range of vendor-standard readers.
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- 6.This has recently been analysed and demonstrated with a Dutch passport (see H. Robroch, ePassport Privacy Attack, 2006, which also details reading and eavesdropping distances; see http://www.riscure.com/2news/200604%20CardsAsiaSing%20ePassport%20Privacy.pdf.)
- 7.J. Beel and B. Gipp, ePass — der neue biometrische Reisepass, Shaker Verlag, Aachen 2005. Download of chapter 6 “Fazit”: http://www.beel.org/epass/epass-kapitel6-fazit.pdf). In most ePassports the effective key length is far lower than 56 bits, typically 35 bits, and in some cases even as low as 28 bits.Google Scholar
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