Over 10 million people have osteoporosis, 34 million have low bone mineral density (BMD), and over 1.5 million osteoporosis-related fractures occur each year in the United States alone (1). The 2002 year direct medical costs for osteoporotic fractures exceeded $18 billion in the United States (2).


Bone Mineral Density Bone Loss Bone Mass Vertebral Fracture Fracture Risk 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth G. Saag
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Clinical Immunology and RheumatologyUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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