Practical Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer or Molecular Nanobioscopy of Living Cells

  • Irina Majoul
  • Yiwei Jia
  • Rainer Duden


After formulating this philosophic question in a poetic form, Leonardo the Scientist, provides us with a real experimental (optical) setup. “As I propose to treat the nature of the moon, it is necessary that I first describe the perspective of mirrors, whether plane, concave, or convex,” (B.M.94r – Arundel MS in British Museum). Next, in the pages of Codex Atlanticus (C.A.190r), Leonardo invites us to “Construct the glasses to see the moon magnified” and half a millennium later we are still following him for, as Bulgakov famously said, “Manuscripts do not burn!”


Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer Cholera Toxin Resonance Energy Transfer Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer Pair 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irina Majoul
    • 1
  • Yiwei Jia
    • 1
  • Rainer Duden
    • 2
  1. 1.Royal Holloway University of LondonEghamUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Olympus America Inc.MelvilleNew York

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