Primate Anti-Predator Strategies

Part of the series Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects pp 100-126

Predation, Communication, and Cognition in Lemurs

  • Marina ScheumannAffiliated withInstitut für Zoologie Tierärztliche, Hochschule Hannover
  • , Andriatahiana RabesandratanaAffiliated withDépartement de Biologie Animale, Université d’Antananarivo
  • , Elke ZimmermannAffiliated withInstitut für Zoologie Tierärztliche, Hochschule Hannover

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Predation represents an important selective force shaping the evolution of primate behavior. Primates confronted with predators have evolved various strategies to minimize the probability of being eaten. Predation risk and hunting styles of predators should have selected for communicative and cognitive abilities linked to socioecology and life history. As studies on several socially cohesive mammals indicate, the study of anti-predator behavior represents an important tool for gaining insight into cognition, e.g., to understand how animals classify objects and events in the world around them (e.g., marmots: Blumstein, 1999; vervet monkeys: Seyfarth et al., 1980; Diana monkeys: Zuberbühler, 2000; suricates: Manser et al., 2002).