Ionization of Small Molecules by Strong Laser Fields

  • Hiromichi NiikuraEmail author
  • V.R. Bhardwaj
  • F. Légaré
  • I.V. Litvinyuk
  • P.W. Dooley
  • D.M. Rayner
  • M. Yu Ivanov
  • P.B. Corkum
  • D.M. Villeneuve
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 134)


Ionization is fundamental to many technologies. Mass spectrometry relies on ionization, as does femtosecond laser machining. Ionization is the fundamental nonlinearity behind attosecond science – the worldwide effort to generate optical pulses that last only a single atomic unit of time. Molecular ionization and the fate of the molecular fragments (ions and electrons) will be the focus of this review.

Ionization of atoms and molecules in intense, infrared or near-infrared laser fields is fundamentally different from that in low-intensity fields. The latter requires either a photon with sufficient energy to directly ionize or an electronic resonance that aids in the ionization. An example of the latter is resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI). When the laser intensity becomes great enough, the need for electronic resonances is removed. Indeed, the electronic levels are strongly modified by the presence of the intense field, and the idea of resonances is less...


Wave Packet Laser Field Stark Shift Double Ionization Laser Polarization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiromichi Niikura
    • 1
    Email author
  • V.R. Bhardwaj
    • 2
  • F. Légaré
    • 1
  • I.V. Litvinyuk
    • 1
  • P.W. Dooley
    • 1
  • D.M. Rayner
    • 1
  • M. Yu Ivanov
    • 1
  • P.B. Corkum
    • 1
  • D.M. Villeneuve
    • 1
  1. 1.Steacie Institute for Molecular SciencesNational Research Council of CanadaOttawa K1A 0R6Canada
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentUniversity of OttawaResearch Council of CanadaOttawa K1N 6N5Canada

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