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Principles of Single Atom Physics: High-Order Harmonic Generation, Above-Threshold Ionization and Non-Sequential Ionization

  • Maciej LewensteinEmail author
  • Anne L’Huillier
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 134)

Introduction

The physics of atoms in strong laser fields has been a subject of intensive studies in the last 20 years. Atoms subjected to short-pulse high-intensity fields, of magnitude comparable to the Coulomb nucleus attraction field, respond non-perturbatively. Electrons initially in the ground state can absorb a large number of photons, much more than the minimum number required for ionization, thus being ionized with a high kinetic energy. This process has been called above-threshold ionization (ATI). Atoms subject to strong laser fields can emit one or several electrons. In some conditions, these electrons are emitted “simultaneously”, a process called direct or non-sequential ionization. Finally, efficient XUV photon emission in the form of high-order harmonics of the fundamental laser field (HHG) has been observed.

Our intention in this chapter is not to review in detail these phenomena. There have been at least three recent books which provide excellent reviews of the subject...

Keywords

Laser Field Canonical Momentum Double Ionization Harmonic Spectrum Attosecond Pulse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank A. Sanpera, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, K. J. Schafer, F. Krausz, and T. Brabec for discussion and encouragement. This work has been supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB 407, GK 282) and by the Swedish Science Council. This paper was originally written in 2001 and reviews mostly the research performed in the field until that time. More complete descriptions of the evolution of the field during the last seven years can be found elsewhere.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Photonic SciencesParc Mediterrani de la Tecnologia08860 CastelldefelsSpain
  2. 2.Atomic PhysicsLund Institute of TechnologySweden

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