Advertisement

Computing Behind the Iron Curtain and Beyond Hungarian National Perspective

  • Maria Raffai
Part of the IFIP International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 215)

Abstract

At the beginning of the computing era it was a great challenge to write a running program in order to solve different mathematical, statistical tasks, and to get the appropriate results by using a computer. At the university where I had began my studies we started to get acquainted with computers using a Russian made machine, named URAL 2. Looking back to the roots and thinking of the Hungarian born pioneer of computer science: the polymath John von Neumann, I had intended to deal with the history of computing at the very beginning of the eighties. Although there is a wide range of computing history literature worldwide (most of them in English), there are not any publications dealing with the Hungarian results. As I was one of the first graduates on computing taught by the Pioneers, I am forced to perform research on all materials dealing with the Hungarian achievements in computing, to protect the values of the past as long as it is not too late and also to make the results known!

Keywords

High Education System Iron Curtain Optical Character Recognition System Bologna Declaration Logical Machine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. [1]
    Kovács, Gy.: Forty Years of the Hungarian Computing and the Volan Elektronika Rt., 1999.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Kovács, Gy.: Old Timers of Computer Technology, International Computer Olympiad, Veszprem, 1996.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Lukács, J.: From the Punched Tape to the Informatics — The TPA History — KFKI Group-MTI, 2003.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Raffai, M.: The Almanac of Computing in Hungary — InForum Publisher, 2000.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Raffai, M.: The Half Century of Computing — Springer Hungarica, 1997. The original title: Az informatika fél évszázadaGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Szentgyörgyi, Zs.: A Short History of Computing in Hungary — IEEE Hungary Section, Budapest, 1996.; IEEE Annals History of Computing. Vol. 21. No. 3 1999.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Neumann, J.: First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC — Contract between the United States Ordnance Dept. and the University of Pensylvania (No.: W-670 ORD 4926) 1945.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Federation for Information Processing 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Raffai
    • 1
  1. 1.Szechenyi Istvan UniversityGyõrHungary

Personalised recommendations