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Adsorption of Ionisable Pesticides in Soils

  • M. Kah
  • C. D. Brown
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 188)

Abstract

Pesticides are intensively used in agriculture, and much effort is expended to manage and reduce possible deleterious effects on the environment.The soil compartment has a major influence on the fate and behaviour of pesticides applied to crops preemergence or early postemergence or chemicals subject to washoff from crop surfaces. Once in the soil, pesticide molecules partition between the aqueous and solid phases, which affects many other aspects of their behaviour: sorption can be rate limiting to volatilization, bioavailability (and thus efficacy and biodegradation rate), and subsurface transport. Understanding the fate of a pesticide in soil is fundamental to the accurate assessment of its environmental behaviour and vital in ensuring the safe use of new and existing products. It is also necessary to develop and validate computer simulation models for use as predictive tools in future environmental fate assessments.

Keywords

Electron Spin Resonance Humic Substance Humic Acid Dissolve Organic Matter Ionisable Compound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Kah
    • 1
  • C. D. Brown
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Science LaboratorySand Hutton, YorkUK
  2. 2.Environment DepartmentUniversity of YorkHeslington, YorkUK

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