“I Don’t Fit Anywhere”: How Race and Sexuality Shape Latino Gay and Bisexual Men’s Health

  • Jesus Ramirez-Valles


Society’s negative views toward homosexuality continue to decline, although gay, lesbian, and transgender people in the United States experience stigma (Weitz, 1991; Herek, 1999; Kaiser Foundation, 2001; Loftus, 2001). The stigma of homosexuality has serious consequences for many gay men, such as stress, low self-esteem, suicide, unemployment, and dislocation (Cochran & Mays, 2000; Link & Phelan, 2001; Mays & Cochran, 2001; Paul et al., 2002). The AIDS epidemic has intensified this stigma (Herek, 1999). Moreover, stigma of homosexuality may be particularly critical for ethnic minorities, such as Latino gay men, because of the added racial discrimination (Diaz, 1998; Finch et al., 2000; Ramirez-Valles et al., 2005).


Sexual Orientation Community Involvement White People Bilingual Education Kaiser Family Foundation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jesus Ramirez-Valles
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public HealthUniversity of Illinois-ChicagoChicagoUSA

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