Power and Status and the Power-Status Theory of Emotions

  • Theodore D. Kemper
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)


Power and status theory has an ancient provenance, extending back as far as pre-Socratic Greek philosophy. The power-status theory of emotions, a somewhat different matter, is modern, but depends, of course, on the earlier theory.


Social Relation Technical Activity Love Relationship Primary Emotion Relational Channel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baudelaire, Charles. [1930] 1983. Intimate Journals. Translated by Christopher Isherwood. San Francisco: City Lights.Google Scholar
  2. Buck, Ross. 1984. The Communication of Emotion. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  3. Buss, David H. 1989. “Sex Differences in Human Mate Preferences: Evolutionary Hypotheses Tested in Thirty-Seven Cultures.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12: 1–49.Google Scholar
  4. Carter, Launor F. 1954. “Evaluating the Performance of Individuals as Members of Small Groups.” Personnel Psychology 7: 477–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chance, Michael R. A. 1976. “Social Attention: Society and Mentality.” Pp. 315–333 in The Social Structure of Social Attention, edited by M. R. A. Chance and R. R. Larsen. London: Wiley.Google Scholar
  6. —. 1988. “Introduction.” Pp. 1–35 in Social Fabrics of the Mind, edited by M. R. A. Chance. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  7. Clark, Candace. 1997. Misery and Company: Sympathy in Everyday Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  8. Clark, R. A. 1953. “Analyzing the Group Structure of Combat Rifle Squads.” American Psychologist 8: 333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cleve, Felix M. 1969. The Giants of Pre-Sophistic Greek Philosophy: An Attempt to Reconstruct Their Thought. The Hague: Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  10. Collins, Randall. 2004. Interaction Ritual Chains. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Couch, Arthur, and Launor F. Carter. 1952. “A Factorial Study of the Rated Behavior of Group Members.” Paper read at Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  12. Durkheim, Emile. [1912] 1965. The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  13. Emerson, Richard. 1962. “Power-Dependence Relations.” American Sociological Review 40: 252–257.Google Scholar
  14. Freedman, Mervin B., Timothy Leary, Abel G. Ossorio, and Hubert S. Coffey. 1951. “The Interpersonal Dimensions of Personality.” Journal of Personality 20: 143–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Freud, Sigmund. [1937] 1959. “Analysis Terminable and Interminable.” Pp. 316–357 in Collected Papers, Vol. V. Translated by Jon Riviere. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  16. Funkenstein, Daniel. 1955. “The Physiology of Fear and Anger.” Scientific American 192: 74–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gellhorn, Ernst. 1967. Principles of Autonomic-Somatic Integration: Physiological Basis and Psychological and Clinical Implications. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  18. —. 1968. “Attempt at a Synthesis: Contribution to a Theory of Emotion.” Pp. 144–153 in Biological Foundations of Emotion: Research and Commentary, edited by E. Gellhorn, Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman.Google Scholar
  19. Goffman, Erving. 1959. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  20. —. 1963. Behavior in Public Places. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  21. Goldberg, Lewis R. 1990. “An Alternative ‘Description of Personality’: The Big-Five Factor Structure.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 59: 1216–1229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hamblin, Robert L., and Carole R. Smith. 1966. “Values, Status and Professors.” Sociometry 29: 183–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Heise, David R. 1979. Understanding Events: Affect and the Construction of Social Action. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Hemphill, John, and Alvin Coons. Undated. Leadership Behavior Description. Columbus, OH: Personnel Research Board, Ohio State University.Google Scholar
  25. Hirschman, Albert O. 1970. Exit, Voice and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations and States. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Hochschild, Arlie R. 1975. “The Sociology of Feeling and Emotion: Selected Possibilities.” Pp. 208–307 in Another Voice: Feminist Perspectives on Social Life and Social Science, edited by M. Millman and R. M. Kantor. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  27. —. 1981. “Attending to, Codifying, and Managing Feelings: Sex Differences in Love.” Pp. 225–262 in Feminist Frontiers: Rethinking Sex, Gender and Society, edited by L. Richardson and V. Taylor. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  28. Hofstede, Geert, and Robert R. McCrae. 2004. “Personality and Culture Revisited: Linking Traits and Dimensions of Culture.” Cross-Cultural Research 38: 52–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Katz, Jack. 1999. How Emotions Work. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  30. Kemper, Theodore. 1978. A Social Interactional Theory of Emotions. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  31. —. 1989. “Love and Like and Love and Love.” Pp. 249–268 in Emotions, Self and Society: Essays and Research Papers in the Sociology of Emotions, edited by D. Franks and E. D. McCarthy. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  32. —. 1990a. “Social Relations and Emotions: A Structural Approach.” Pp. 207–237 in Research Agendas in the Sociology of Emotions, edited by T. D. Kemper. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  33. —. 1990b. Social Structure and Testosterone: Explorations of the Socio-Bio-Social Chain. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  34. —. 1991. “Predicting Emotions from Social Relations.” Social Psychology Quarterly 54: 330–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. —. 1992. “Freedom and Justice: The Macro-Modes of Social Relations.” World Futures 35: 141–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. —. 1995. “What Does It Mean Social Psychologically to Be of a Given Age, Sex-Gender, Social Class, Race, Religion, etc.?” Advances in Group Processes 12: 81–113.Google Scholar
  37. —. 2001. “A Structural Approach to Social Movement Emotions.” Pp. 58–73 in Passionate Politics: Emotions and Social Movements, edited by J. Goodwin, J. Jasper, and F. Polletta. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  38. —. 2002. “Predicting Emotions in Groups: Some Lessons from September 11.” Pp. 53–68 in Emotions and Sociology, edited by J. Barbalet. Oxford: Blackwell/The Sociological Review.Google Scholar
  39. —. 2004. “For a Good-Enough Theory of Emotions, Post-Diction Is Good Enough.” Paper presented at August meetings of the American Sociological Association, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  40. Kemper, Theodore, and Randall Collins. 1990. “Dimensions of Microinteraction.” American Journal of Sociology 96: 32–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kemper, Theodore D., and Muriel T. Reid. 1997. Love and Liking in the Attraction and Maintenance Phases of Long-Term Relationships.” Social Perspectives on Emotions 4: 37–69.Google Scholar
  42. Kiesler, Donald J. 1996. Contemporary Interpersonal Theory and Research. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  43. Leary, Timothy. 1957. The Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality. New York: Ronald.Google Scholar
  44. McCrae, Robert R., and Paul T. Costa. 1989. “The Structure of Interpersonal Traits: Wiggins’s Circumplex and the Five-Factor Model.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 56: 586–595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mead, George H. 1934. Mind, Self and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  46. Office of Strategic Services Assessment Staff. 1948. Assessment of Men. New York: Rinehart.Google Scholar
  47. Osgood, Charles H., George C. Suci, and Percy H. Tannenbaum. 1957. The Measurement of Meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois.Google Scholar
  48. Pincus, Aaron L., Michael B. Gurtman, and Mark A. Ruiz. 1998. “Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB) Circumplex Analysis and Structural Relations with the Interpersonal Circle and the Five-Factor Model of Personality.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 74: 1629–1645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Plutchik, Robert, and Hope R. Conte. 1997. Circumplex Models of Personality and Emotion. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  50. Riesman, David, Nathan Glazer, and Ruell Denny. 1952. The Lonely Crowd. Garden City, NY: Doubleday Anchor.Google Scholar
  51. Robinson, Dawn T. 2002. “ACT and the Competition: Some Alternative Models of Emotion and Identity.” Paper presented at the Conference on Research Agendas in Affect Control Theory, Highland Beach, Florida.Google Scholar
  52. Robinson, Dawn T., and Vaughn A. DeCoster. 1999. “Predicting Everyday Emotions: A Comparison of Affect Control Theory and Social Interactional Theory.” Paper presented at annual meetings of the American Sociological Association in Chicago.Google Scholar
  53. Robinson, Dawn T., Christabel L. Rogalin, and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 2004. “Physiological Measures of Theoretical Concepts: Some Ideas for Linking Deflection and Emotions to Physical Responses During Interaction.” Advances in Group Processes 21: 77–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sakoda, James M. 1952. “Factor Analysis of OSS Situational Tests.” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 47: 843–852.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sherer, Klaus R., Harld G. Wallbott, and Angela B. Summerfield. 1986. Experiencing Emotion: A Cross-Cultural Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  56. Simon, Robin W., and Leda E. Nath. 2004. “Gender and Emotion in the United States: Do Men Differ in Self-Reports of Feelings and Expressive Behavior?” American Journal of Sociology 109: 1137–1176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Spearman, Charles E. 1904. “General Intelligence, Objectively Determined and Measured.” American Journal of Psychology 15: 201–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Thoits, Peggy A. 1990. “Emotional Deviance: Research Agendas.” Pp. 180–203 in Research Agendas in the Sociology of Emotions, edited by T. D. Kemper. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  59. Thurstone, Louis L. 1934. “The Vectors of the Mind.” Psychological Review 41: 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Tocqueville, Alexis de. [1835] 1945. Democracy in America, Vol. 1. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  61. Waal, Frans B. M. de. 1982. Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex among the Apes. London: Counterpoint.Google Scholar
  62. —. 1988. “The Reconciled Hierarchy.” Pp. 105–136 in Social Fabrics of the Mind, edited by M. R. A. Chance. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  63. Weber, Max. 1946. From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Translated and edited by H. H. Gerth and C. W. Mills. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  64. Wherry, Robert J. 1950. Factor Analysis of Officer Qualification Form QCL-2B. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Research Foundation.Google Scholar
  65. Willer, David, and Murray Webster, Jr. 1970. “Theoretical Constructs and Observables.” American Sociological Review 35: 748–757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Wright, M. R. 1981. Empedocles, the Extant Fragments. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore D. Kemper
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologySt. John’s UniversityJamaica

Personalised recommendations