Overview of the Gastrointestinal Microbiota

  • Vincent B. Young
  • Thomas M. Schmidt

Abstract

The community of microbes that inhabits the mammalian intestinal tract exists in a symbiosis with their host. The structure of this community represents the combined effects of selection pressure on the part of the host and on the part of the microbes themselves. Through recent advances in the field of microbial ecology we are beginning to understand the forces that shape this complex community. We will review what is known about the interaction between the host and the indigenous microbial community. Following this dicussion we will introduce methods that have been used to study the structure, function and dynamics of this community.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vincent B. Young
    • 1
  • Thomas M. Schmidt
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious DiseasesThe University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and Molecular GeneticsMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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