Eating problems or irregularities are common among children and adolescents. When the problems reach the point of being gross disturbances in eating behavior and when accompanied by some form of body image disturbance, we enter the realm of the Eating Disorders (EDs). The current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM—IV—TR; APA, 2000) distinguishes between three primary ED types: Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS). The latter refers to cases that meet some but not all the criteria required for the diagnosis of either AN or BN. Binge-Eating Disorder (BED) is a more recently recognized disorder that is technically a variant of the EDNOS category (although research criteria have been developed). There are, however, numerous possible manifestations of EDNOS other than BED.
In earlier versions of the DSM, up to and including the Third Edition—Revised (American Psychiatric Association, 1987), the EDs were listed within the Disorders Usually First Evident in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence section. Given their prominence among adults as well, their own section was created in the most recent edition. However, their origins in childhood or adolescence should not be forgotten and they are, in many ways, disorders of adolescence.
KeywordsAnorexia NERVOSA Eating Disorder Binge Eating Bulimia NERVOSA Family Therapy
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- American Psychiatric Association (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., Revised). Washington, DC: AuthorGoogle Scholar
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., Text Revision). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
- American Psychiatric Association. (2006). Practice guidelines for the treatment of patients with eating disorders (3rd ed.) Retrieved December 10, 2006, http://www. psych.org/psych_pract/treatg/pg/EatingDisorders3ePG_04-28-0.
- Austin, S. B., Ziyadeh, N., Kahn, J. A., Camargo, C. A., Colditz, G. A., & Field, A. E. (2004). Sexual orientation, weight concerns, and eating-disordered behaviors in adolescent girls and boys. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 1115–1123.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Brambilla, F., & Monteleone, P. (2003). Physical complications and physiological abberations in eating disorders. In M. Maj, K. Halmi, J. J. Lopez-Ibor, & N. Sartorius (Eds.) Evidence and experience in psychiatry:Vol. 6. Eating disorders (pp. 139–192). Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Cotrufo, P., Gnisci, A., & Caputo, I. (2005). Psychological characteristics of less severe forms of eating disorders: An epidemiological study among 259 female adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 28, 147–154.Google Scholar
- Fairburn, C. G. Marcus, M. D., & Wilson, G. T. (1993). Cognitive behavioral therapy for binge eating and bulimia nervosa: a comprehensive treatment manual. In C. G. Fairburn & G. T. Wilson (Eds.), Binge eating: Nature, assessment and treatment (pp. 361–404). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Garner, D., Vitousek, K., & Pike, K. (1997). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anorexia nervosa. In D. Garner & P. Garfinkel (Eds.), Handbook of treatment for eating disorders (2nd ed., pp. 94–144). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Geist, R., Heinmaa, M., Katzman, D., & Stephens, D. (1999). A comparison of male and female adolescents referred to an eating disorder program. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 374–378.Google Scholar
- Geist, R., Heinmaa, M., Stephens, D., Davis, R., & Katzman, D. K. (2000). Comparison of family therapy and family group psychoeducation in adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 173–178.Google Scholar
- Grilo, C. M., Sanislow, C. A., Shea, M. T., Skodol, A., Stout, R. L., Pagano, M. E., Yen, S., McGlashan, T. H. (2003). The natural course of bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified is not influenced by personality disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 34, 319–330.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Henderson, K. E., & Schwartz, M. B. (2007). Treatment of overweight children: practical strategies for parents. In J. D. Latner, & G. T. Wilson (Eds.) Self-help approaches for obesity and eating disorders: Research and practice. (pp. 289–309). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- LeGrange, D., Lock, J., & Dymeck, M. (2003). Family-based treatment of eating disorders. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 57, 237–251.Google Scholar
- Lock, J., Le Grange, D., Agras, W., & Dare, C. (2001). Treatment manual for anorexia nervosa: A family-based approach. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- National Institute for Clinical Excellence. (2004). Eating disorders: Core interventions in the treatment and management of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and related eating disorders. London: National Institute for Clinical Excellence.Google Scholar
- Netemeyer, S. B., & Williamson, D. A. (2001). Assessment of eating disturbance in children and adolescents with eating disorders and obesity. In J. K. Thompson & L. Smolak (Eds). Body image, eating disorders, and obesity in youth: Assessment, prevention, and treatment. (pp. 215–233). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Patel, D. R., Pratt, H. D., & Greydanus, D. E. (2003). Treatment of adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Journal of Adolescent Health, 18, 244–260.Google Scholar
- Piazza, C. C. (in press). Feeding disorders. In J. L. Matson, F. Andrasik, & M. L. Matson (Eds.). Treating childhood psychopathology and developmental disabilities. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Ruiz-Lázaro, P. M., Alonso, J. P., Comet, P., Lobo., A., & Velilla, M. (2005). Prevalence of eating disorders in Spain: A survey on a representative sample of adolescents. In P.I. Swain (Ed.), Trends in eating disorders research. (pp. 85–108). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Biomedical Books.Google Scholar
- Schlundt, D. G., & Johnson, W. G. (1990). Eating disorders: Assessment and treatment. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
- Schwartz D. M., & Thompson M. G. (1981): Do anorectics get well? Current research and future needs. American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 319–323.Google Scholar
- Striegel-Moore, R. H., Leslie, D., Petrill, S. A, Garvin, V., & Rosenheck, R. A. (2000). One-year use and cost of inpatient and outpatient services among female and male patients with an eating disorder: Evidence from a national database of health insurance claims. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 27, 381–389.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Walsh, B. T., & Garner, D. M. (1997). Diagnostic issues. In D. M. Garner, & P. E. Gar-finkel, (Eds.). Handbook of treatment for eating disorders (2nd ed., pp. 25–33). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Wilfley, D. E., Welch, R. R., Stein, R. I., Spurrell, E. B., Cohen, L., Saelens, B., et al. (2002). A randomised comparison of group cognitive-behavioral therapy and group interpersonal psychotherapy for treatment of overweight individuals with binge-eating disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 713–721.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wilson, G. T., & Fairburn, C. G. (2002). Treatments for eating disorders. In P.E. Nathan, & J. M. Gorman (Eds), A guide to treatments that work (2nd ed., pp. 559–592). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Zucker, N. (in press. Eating disorders. In J. L., Matson, F. Andrasik, & M. L. Matson (Eds.). Assessing childhood psychopathology and developmental disabilities. New York: Springer.Google Scholar