The Philosophy of Sustainable Wildlife Use

  • Iain Gordon

1.1 Introduction

Throughout history, humans have used wildlife species to supply their needs, be it for clothing, meat, power or prestige (Roth and Merz, 1997). With the global growth of human populations increasing pressure has been placed upon species, either directly through exploitation or indirectly through habitat loss (Owen-Smith, 1988; Wroe et al., 2004; Burney and Flannery, 2005). In the early twentieth century this led to the establishment of reserve areas or national parks in which wildlife and their habitats were protected (McNeely and Miller, 1984). While this protectionist approach has conserved many species from extinction, it has also led to severe conflict between people and wildlife, particularly where they interact, for example on the borders of the protected areas (Woodroffe et al., 2005). However, many species of wildlife still exist outside the protected areas and a number of these species will remain viable only if these populations continue to survive in...


Animal Welfare Fair Trade Wildlife Management Wildlife Conservation Wildlife Species 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

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  • Iain Gordon

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