Unusual Cardiac “Masses” in a Newborn with Infantile Pompe Disease
Glycogen storage disease type II (OMIM #232300), or Pompe disease, may present in the newborn period with moderate-to-severe biventricular hypertrophy with or without left ventricular outflow tract obstruction that typically leads to death from cardiorespiratory failure in the first year of life. Glycogen deposition tends to be uniform, and is only occasionally accompanied by patchy areas of fibrosis. Here, we present an infant identified with biventricular hypertrophy and cardiac masses by prenatal ultrasound. Postnatal molecular studies did not support the diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis in this case. Additional evaluation for infantile hypertrophic cardiomyopathy confirmed the diagnosis of Pompe disease. We discuss whether the “cardiac masses,” which brought this infant to medical attention and facilitated an early diagnosis of Pompe disease, may represent an unusual manifestation of GSD type II or the coincidental occurrence of an unrelated disease process.
KeywordsFabry Disease Tuberous Sclerosis Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Increase Signal Intensity
We would like to thank Dr. Paige Kaplan and Dr. Marc Yudkoff for their gracious assistance in editing this manuscript.
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