Biomechanical Modelling of Cells in Mechanoregulation

  • Alexander B. Lennon
  • Hanifeh Khayyeri
  • Feng Xue
  • Patrick J. Prendergast
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Mechanobiology, Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials book series (SMTEB, volume 4)

Abstract

Many cells are mechanoregulated; their activities are performed at a rate partly determined by the biophysical stimulus acting on them. Computer simulations that would capture this could be used to predict the effect of physical exercise on tissue health. They could also be used to simulate how the tissues surrounding a medical device would respond to the placement of that device. Since cells are the actors within tissues, such simulations require models of how cells themselves are mechanoregulated. In this chapter, we review how mechanoregulation simulations may be built up from models in three ways: cells as simple points, cells as multiple points, cells as structures. In particular, a computer simulation method for tissue differentiation using cells as points is also given, and an approach for extending it to include cells as multiple points is presented. Cells as structures in the form of a hybrid tensegrity-continuum model is presented, and its potential for use in mechanoregulation simulations is discussed.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander B. Lennon
    • 1
  • Hanifeh Khayyeri
    • 1
  • Feng Xue
    • 1
  • Patrick J. Prendergast
    • 1
  1. 1.Trinity Centre for BioengineeringSchool of Engineering, Trinity CollegeDublin 2Ireland

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