The Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Experience

  • Juergen A. Richt
  • Richard J. Webby
  • Robert E. Kahn
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 365)


The pandemic H1N1 influenza that began in Mexico in the spring of 2009 spread rapidly to southern California within days and around the world within a few months. Because the genetic make-up of the new virus was novel, several months of lead-in time were required before a suitable vaccine for human use could be produced and distributed. The effort to confront the virus on the part of the World Health Organization which included almost every nation on earth and a vast array of scientists and public health officials was extensive and timely. However, it was the moderate severity of the virus itself that saved global public health from catastrophe. Because of the extensive publicity and research that occurred during the H1N1 pandemic, many lessons were learned that will be useful in confronting future influenza pandemics. A “One Health” approach to prevent, detect, and combat future pandemics is essential.


H1N1 Influenza Pandemic Virus reassortment Swine flu 



The authors are grateful to Chris Miller and the Kansas State University librarians for their assistance in obtaining numerous relevant articles. The project was partially funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under contract number HHSN266200700005C, by U. S. Department of Homeland Security under Grant Award Number 2010-ST061-AG0001, and by the Kansas Bioscience Authority. The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juergen A. Richt
    • 1
  • Richard J. Webby
    • 2
  • Robert E. Kahn
    • 1
  1. 1.Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary MedicineKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  2. 2.Department of Infectious Diseases, Division of VirologySt Jude Children’s Research HospitalMemphisUSA

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