Building a Foundation for ‘One Health’: An Education Strategy for Enhancing and Sustaining National and Regional Capacity in Endemic and Emerging Zoonotic Disease Management

  • W. D. Vink
  • Joanna S. McKenzie
  • Naomi Cogger
  • Barry Borman
  • Petra Muellner
Chapter
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 366)

Abstract

The rapid global spread of diseases such as SARS, H5N1, and H1N1 influenza has emphasized the pressing need for trans-disciplinary collaboration and cross-border action, and has also exposed a serious deficit of capacity and coordination in dealing effectively with emerging disease threats. The need for capacity development is particularly acute in the developing world, which is the least well-equipped to respond adequately. Such capacity development can be achieved through education and the implementation of applied ‘One Health’ activities. This chapter describes the establishment of a ‘One Health’ capacity development program in South Asia, consisting of two phases. The first phase provides Masters level training for public health doctors and veterinarians, with a focus on epidemiology, and disease control. The second phase reinforces the postgraduate training by establishing a sustainable framework for the implementation of collaborative ‘One Health’ activities such as the development of multidisciplinary professional networks, implementation of applied zoonotic disease investigation projects, and support for continuing professional development. The objectives are to provide individual skills required to strengthen capacity; to develop an appreciation of the cross-cutting issues which affect human and animal health, set within an institutional context; and to facilitate the development of regional professional networks which will be instrumental in implementing ‘One Health’ activities.

References

  1. Anon (2006) The control of neglected zoonotic diseases. Technical report World Health Organisation, http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2006/9789241594301_eng.pdf Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  2. Anon (2007) Avian and human influenza facility. Technical report Avian and Human Influenza Facility, http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTTOPAVIFLU/Resources/AHI.Facility.Rocio.May07.pdf Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  3. Anon (2008a) Contributing to one world, one health. A strategic framework for reducing risks of infectious diseases at the animal-human-ecosystems interface. Consultation document produced by FAO, OIE, WHO, UNSIC, UNICEF. Accessed 30 Mar 2012. Technical report, World Bank, http://www.fao.org/docrep/011/aj137e/aj137e00.htm Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  4. Anon (2008b) Zoonotic diseases: A guide to establishing collaboration between animal and human health sectors at the country level. Technical report, World Health Organisation, http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Publication_Zoonotic.pdf Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  5. Anon (2010) The FAO-OIE-WHO collaboration. A Tripartite concept note. Technical report, FAO, OIE and WHO, http://www.who.int/influenza/resources/documents/tripartite_concept_note_hanoi_042011_en.pdf Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  6. Asokan G, Asokan V, Tharyn P (2011) One health national programme across species on zoonoses: a call to the developing world. Infect Ecol Epidemiol 1:8293.Google Scholar
  7. Castellan D (2011) Development and implementation of multi-disciplinary, multi-sectoral training modules through FETPV. Presentation given at the 1st International One Health Congress, Melbourne, Australia. http://www.onehealth2011.com/pres/Tuesday/Tues%20103%201200%20Castellan%20%5BCompatibility%20Mode%5D.pdf Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  8. CDC (2010) Operationalizing “one health”: A policy perspective—taking stock and shaping an Implementation roadmap. Technical Report, Centers for Disease Control, http://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/pdf/atlanta/meeting-overview.pdf
  9. Coker R, Rushton J, Mounier-Jack S, Karimuribo E, Lutumba P, Kambarage D, Pfeiffer DU, Stärk K, Rweyemamu M (2011) Towards a conceptual framework a to support one-health research for policy on emerging zoonoses. Lancet Infect Dis 11(4):326–331.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Conrad PA, Mazet JA, Clifford D, Scott C, Wilkes M (2009) Evolution of a transdisciplinary “One Medicine-One Health” approach to global health education at the University of California, Davis. Prev Vet Med 92(4):268–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cribb A, Buntain B (2009) Innovation in veterinary medical education: The concept of ‘One World, One Health’ in the curriculum of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Calgary. Rev Sci Tech OIE 28(2):753–762.Google Scholar
  12. Fisman DN, Laupland KB (2010) The ‘One Health’ paradigm: Time for infectious diseases clinicians to take note? Can J Infect Dis Med 21(3):111–114.Google Scholar
  13. Herrmann JA, Hershow RC (2008) One medicine, one university: The DVM/MPH program at the University of Illinois. J Vet Med Educ 35(2):194–198.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Jones KE, Patel NG, Levy MA, Storeygard A, Balk D, Gittleman JL, Daszak P (2008) Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 451(7181):990–993.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Kahn L (2006) Confronting zoonoses, linking human and veterinary medicine. Emerg Infect Dis 12(4):556–561.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Kahn LH (2011) The need for one health degree programs. Infect Ecol Epidemiol 1:7919.Google Scholar
  17. King D, Peckham C, Waage J, Brownlie J, Woolhouse M (2006) Infectious diseases: Preparing for the future. Science 313(5792):1392–1393.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Lindenmayer JM, Schlaff AL (2008) The combined Master of Public Health program at Tufts University. J Vet Med Educ 35(2):182–186.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Moodle (2012) Moodle.org: open-source community-based tools for learning. http://moodle.org Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  20. Morens D, Folkers G, Fauci A (2004) The challenge of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. Nature 430(6996):242–249.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Moser J (2008) Core Academic Competencies for Master of Public Health Students: One Health Department Practitioners Perspective. Am J Public Health 98(9):1559–1561.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Nsubuga P, White M, Fontaine R, Simone P (2008) Training programmes for field epidemiology. Lancet 371(9613):630–631.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Okello AL, Gibbs EPJ, Vandersmissen A, Welburn SC (2011) One Health and the neglected zoonoses: Turning rhetoric into reality. Vet Rec 169(11):281–285.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Osburn B, Scott C, Gibbs P (2009) One world—one medicine—one health: Emerging veterinary challenges and opportunities. Rev Sci Tech OIE 28(2):481–486.Google Scholar
  25. Pearce N (2009) Research at the interface between human and veterinary epidemiology in occupational and environmental health. In: Proceedings of the 12th symposium of the international society for veterinary epidemiology and economics, Durban, South AfricaGoogle Scholar
  26. Rolle I, Pearson M, Nsubuga P (2011) Fifty-five years of international epidemicassistance investigations conducted by CDC’s disease detectives. Am J Epidemiol 174(SUPPL. 11):S97–S112.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Rubin C (2011) Operationalizing one health: the stone mountain meeting. Presentation given at the 1st International One Health Congress, Melbourne, Australia. http://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/pdf/atlanta/australia.pdf Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  28. Salman M (2009) The role of veterinary epidemiology in combating infectious animal diseases on a global scale: The impact of training and outreach programs. Prev Vet Med 92(4):284–287.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Schwabe C (1984) Veterinary Medicine and Human Health, 3rd edn. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  30. Sekar N, Shah N, Abbas S, Kakkar M (2011) Research options for controlling zoonotic disease in india, 2010–2015. PLoS ONE 6(2):e17, 120Google Scholar
  31. Sherman DM (2010) A global veterinary medical perspective on the concept of one health: focus on livestock. ILAR J 51(3):281–287.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Taylor L, Latham S, Woolhouse M (2001) Risk factors for human disease emergence. Philos Tr R Soc B 356(1411):983–989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wagner D, Day B, James T, Kozma R, Miller M, Unwin T (2005) Monitoring and evaluation of ICT in education projects: a handbook for developing countries. Technical report, infoDev/World Bank, http://www.infodev.org/en/Publication.9.html Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  34. Winthrop R, Smith M (2012) A new face of education: bringing technology into the classroom in the developing world. Working paper, Brookings institution, http://www.mobileactive.org/files/file_uploads/01_education_technology_shearer.pdf Accessed 30 Mar 2012
  35. Woolhouse M, Woolhouse ME, Haydon DT, Antia R (2011) How to make predictions about future infectious disease risks. Philos Tr R Soc B 366(1573):2045–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zinsstag J, Schelling E, Waltner-Toews D, Tanner M (2011) From “one medicine” to “one health” and systemic approaches to health and well-being. Prev Vet Med 101:148–156.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. D. Vink
    • 1
  • Joanna S. McKenzie
    • 1
  • Naomi Cogger
    • 1
  • Barry Borman
    • 2
  • Petra Muellner
    • 1
  1. 1.EpiCentre Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  2. 2.Centre for Public Health Research, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Massey UniversityWellingtonNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations