The Economic Value of One Health in Relation to the Mitigation of Zoonotic Disease Risks

  • Barbara Häsler
  • William Gilbert
  • Bryony Anne Jones
  • Dirk Udo Pfeiffer
  • Jonathan Rushton
  • Martin Joachim Otte
Chapter

Abstract

The essence of One Health is an interdisciplinary approach combined with some degree of intersectoral integration that is aimed at mitigation of human and animal health risks, taking account of environmental, ecological, social and economic factors. While a large number of international stakeholders now consider the One Health approach necessary for more effective protection of the global community against health threats, there is still no systematic allocation of resources to integrated national or multinational programmes, partly due to the inertia of existing sectoral systems and the lack of convincing economic arguments in support of the approach. We propose different degrees of sectoral integration depending on system types and associated economic efficiency gains to be expected from a One Health approach. International and regional organisations have an important role in facilitating the adoption of the approach, since the costs and the benefits are often of a regional or even a global nature, such as in the case of avian influenza.

Abbreviations

BSE

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

CHORDS

Connecting Health Organizations for Regional Disease Surveillance

CSCHAH

Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health

FAO

Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations

GLEWS

Global early warning system for major animal diseases including zoonoses

HAIRS

Human animal infections and risk surveillance

HPAI

Highly pathogenic avian influenza

NGO

Non-government organisation

OIE

World Organisation for Animal Health

SARS

Severe acute respiratory syndrome

WHO

World Health Organization

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Häsler
    • 1
  • William Gilbert
    • 2
  • Bryony Anne Jones
    • 2
  • Dirk Udo Pfeiffer
    • 2
  • Jonathan Rushton
    • 2
  • Martin Joachim Otte
    • 3
  1. 1.Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health, Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health GroupRoyal Veterinary CollegeLondonUK
  2. 2.Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health GroupRoyal Veterinary CollegeLondonUK
  3. 3.Regional Office for Asia and the PacificFood and Agriculture Organisation of the United NationsBangkokThailand

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