Duncan French and Louis J. Kotzé (Eds.), Sustainable Development Goals – Law, Theory and Implementation
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their related 169 targets were set by a resolution of the United Nations (UN) on 25 September 2015 titled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. Leaders of the Member States went to New York in September 2015, not to celebrate the UN’s 70th birthday but to conclude unanimously in favour of the blue planet we all inhabit and for those, in particular, whose living conditions remain poor. Inequality, as a natural phenomenon e.g. in landlocked developed countries or as a human caused phenomenon provoked through corruption and violence causes poverty, hunger, and blatant forms of discrimination. Enormous disparities of opportunities can be detected throughout the world where wealth and (corporate) power, quite often deprive cultures and people from their natural rights. Globally, gender inequality remains a key challenge, in particular for women and girls. The survival of many societies, and of the biological support systems of the planet, seems in times of climate change at risk. The SDGs, entered into force on 1 January 2016, are described by the UN as integrated and indivisible and are balancing three dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental.