Neuroinflammation in Parkinson’s Disease Animal Models: A Cell Stress Response or a Step in Neurodegeneration?

  • Carolina Cebrián
  • John D. Loike
  • David SulzerEmail author
Part of the Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences book series (CTBN, volume 22)


The motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are due to the progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Multiple neuroinflammatory processes are exacerbated in Parkinson’s disease, including glial-mediated reactions, increased expression of proinflammatory substances, and lymphocytic infiltration, particularly in the substantia nigra. Neuroinflammation is also implicated in the neurodegeneration and consequent behavioral symptoms of many Parkinson’s disease animal models, although it is not clear whether these features emulate pathogenic steps in the genuine disorder or if some inflammatory features provide protective stress responses. Here, we compare and summarize findings on neuroinflammatory responses and effects on behavior in a wide range of toxin-based, inflammatory and genetic Parkinson’s disease animal models.


Parkinson’s disease Neuroinflammation Neurodegeneration Animal models Microglia Proinflammatory cytokines Lymphocytes 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Cebrián
    • 1
  • John D. Loike
    • 2
  • David Sulzer
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physiology and Cellular BiophysicsColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Departments of Psychiatry and PharmacologyColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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