pp 1-36 | Cite as

Fluorescent-Based Strategies to Investigate G Protein-Coupled Receptors: Evolution of the Techniques to a Better Understanding

  • Orestis Faklaris
  • Joyce Heuninck
  • Amandine Falco
  • Elise Goyet
  • Jurriaan M. Zwier
  • Jean-Philippe Pin
  • Bernard Mouillac
  • Julie Perroy
  • Thierry DurrouxEmail author
Part of the Topics in Medicinal Chemistry book series


G protein-coupled receptors are key proteins in the regulation of most of the physiological responses. Their conformations are generally oscillating between inactive and active forms leading to the activation of no, a few, or many signaling pathways. Although receptors can spontaneously adopt these various conformations, their interactions with ligands, other G protein-coupled receptors, or intracellular proteins (G proteins, arrestins, etc.) can stabilize one of these conformations, leading to specific cellular responses. The identification of the partners interacting with the G protein-coupled receptors and the dynamics of these interactions is therefore crucial to fully understand receptor functioning. Although it is crucial, it remains nevertheless ambitious and difficult to achieve this goal. In the last two decades, various technical strategies have been developed to investigate molecular complexes and their dynamics. In this review, we will focus on recent technological breakthroughs in fluorescent-based techniques and their impact on the understanding of G protein-coupled receptor functioning. We will give particular attention to resonance energy transfer-based strategies, their advantages, and drawbacks and to other microscopy based techniques which are efficient to investigate stability, mobility, and dynamics of molecular complexes at the cell surface.


G-protein coupled receptors Luminescence-based strategy developments Protein–protein interactions Resonance energy transfer Single particule tracking Spatio-temporal network 



This work was supported by research grants from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut National de la Santé (to J.-P.P., B.M., J.P., T.D.). This work was also supported by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (to JP, grant agreement No. 646788), the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (to JP, ANR-13-JSV4-0005-01) and the Reǵion Languedoc-Roussillon (Chercheur d’Avenir), by the European Consortium Oncornet (HORIZON 2020 MSCA–ITN–2014–ETN–Project 641833 ONCORNET (to J.H., and J.-P.P. and T.D.).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Orestis Faklaris
    • 1
  • Joyce Heuninck
    • 2
    • 3
  • Amandine Falco
    • 2
    • 3
  • Elise Goyet
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jurriaan M. Zwier
    • 4
  • Jean-Philippe Pin
    • 2
    • 3
  • Bernard Mouillac
    • 2
    • 3
  • Julie Perroy
    • 2
    • 3
  • Thierry Durroux
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.ImagoSeine core facility – Institut Jacques Monod – Université Paris Diderot/CNRS – UMR 7592Paris Cedex 13France
  2. 2.IGF, CNRS, INSERM, Université de MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.Université Montpellier 1 and 2MontpellierFrance
  4. 4.Cisbio BioassaysCodoletFrance

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