Stomatal Patterning and Guard Cell Differentiation

  • Keiko U. ToriiEmail author
Part of the Plant Cell Monographs book series (CELLMONO, volume 9)


Gas exchange between plants and the atmosphere takes place through stomata (singular,stoma), which are microscopic valves on the plant epidermis composed of paired guard cells. Stomatal differentiationinvolves a series of asymmetric divisions of precursor cells followed by a single symmetric celldivision that produces terminally differentiated guard cell pairs. Stomatal development emerged as a modelsystem to study how environmental- and cell-cell signals translate into site/orientation of asymmetric celldivision and cell-type differentiation. This chapter focuses on cell-state transition events leading toguard cell differentiation in the model plant Arabidopsis, and cell-cell signaling mechanisms controllingstomatal patterning. Understanding how cell-cycle regulators influence stomatal patterning and differentiationwill advance our knowledge of cell division control in plant development.


Guard Cell Stomatal Density Asymmetric Division Subsidiary Cell Pavement Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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