Advertisement

Introduction

  • Alexander P. LisitsynEmail author
  • Viacheslav V. Gordeev
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 81)

Abstract

Investigations of marine geology as a constituent of oceanology now need new concepts and approaches. The modern level of science requires the use of a continuous regime of data recording, and consideration of the phenomena revealed in these investigations in terms of their connections and interactions in space and time. The continuity of the observations in time will allow us to carry out the most complete study of the revealed processes and their variations over seasons, years, and centuries. The great experience and huge volume of factual data obtained in more than 300 long cruises undertaken under the auspices of the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology Russian Academy of Sciences from the middle of the twentieth century have led to the conclusion that dispersed sedimentary material must be studied in all the geospheres of the Earth (atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, biosphere, anthroposphere, and vulcanosphere) in a four-dimensional regime (three coordinates in space, plus time).

We attempted to apply these approaches during our 15-year studies of the White Sea (2001–2016). In volume 1 of the present book we present the most significant results of these investigations concerning the sedimentological and biogeochemical processes in the water column of this Sea.

The main sources of sedimentary materials in the sea (atmosphere, river discharge), the processes of production-destruction of organic carbon in seawater, research on phyto- and zooplankton organisms, trace elements in seawater, and oil pollutants in snow and ice cover of the White Sea are considered and discussed.

Keywords

Dispersed material Geospheres of the earth New scientific approaches Processes in water columns White Sea 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was performed in the framework of the state assignment of FASO Russia (Theme No. 0149-2018-0016) and analytical data were processed within the RSF grant (Project No. 14-27-00114-p).

References

  1. 1.
    Lisitsyn AP (1955) Atmospheric and water suspended matter as the initial material for the formation of marine sediments. Proc Inst Oceanol USSR Acad Sci 13:16–22 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lisitsyn AP (1956) The methods of suspended matter study with the geological aims. Proc Inst Oceanol USSR Acad Sci 19:204–230 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lisitsyn AP (2004) Geology of the world’s oceans in the third millennium – the new approaches, achievements and perspectives. In: Vinogradov ME, Lappo SS (eds) The new ideas in oceanology. Geology, vol 2. Nauka, Moscow, pp 7–66 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lisitsyn AP (2009) The biofilters in the Arctic Ocean and the process of sedimentation. In: Kassens H, Lisitzin AP, Tide J et al (eds) The system of the Laptev Sea and the adjacent seas of the Arctic. Moscow State University, Moscow, pp 71–121 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lisitsyn AP, Nemirovskaya IA, Shevchenko VP (eds) (2010) The White Sea System. Natural environment of the catchment area of the White Sea, vol 1. Scientific World, Moscow, p 480 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lisitsyn AP, Nemirovskaya IA (eds) (2012) The White Sea System. Water column and interactions with atmosphere, cryosphere, the river runoff and the biosphere, vol 2. Scientific World, Moscow, p 784 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lisitsyn AP, Nemirovskaya IA (eds) (2013) The White Sea System. Dispersed sedimentary material, microbial processes in hydrosphere, microbial processes and pollution, vol 3. Scientific World, Moscow, p 668, 28 p. color illustrations (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lisitsyn AP, Nemirovskaya IA, Shevchenko VP, Vorontsova VG (eds) (2017) The White Sea System. The processes of sedimentation. Geology and history, vol 4. Scientific World, Moscow, p 1030, illustrations (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Knipovich NM (1891) To the question about the zoogeographical zones in the White Sea. Her Nat Sci 6–7:201–208 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Deriugin KM (1923) To the hydrology of the White Sea. Mem Geogr 47(4):99 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Timonov VV (1947) The scheme of the general water circulation in the White Sea basin and the origin of its deep waters. Proc State Oceanogr Inst 1:118–131 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Berger VY, Naumov AD (1995) The history of development and investigations of the White Sea. Problems of their rational utilization, vol 1. Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, pp 7–40 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Avilov IK (1956) Thickness of recent sediments and postglacial history of the White Sea. In: Proceedings of state oceanographic institute, No. 3, p 45–47 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gorshkova TI (1975) Organic substance of recent shelf sediments of the northern seas of the USSR. The problems of shelf geology. Nauka, Moscow, pp 66–72Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zenkovich VP (1941) The shores of the Mezen’ Bay. Scientific Memoirs of Moscow State University, vol 3, No. 48. MSU Publishing House, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zenkovich VP (1962) Principles of teaching on the development of marine coasts. Publishing House of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nevessky EN, Medvedev VS, Kalinenko VV (1977) The White Sea. Sedimentogenesis and history of the development in Holocene. Nauka, Moscow, p 235 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Proceedings of the White Sea Biological Station, Biological Faculty of the Moscow State University (2006) vol 10. Association of Scientific Publications, Moscow, p 214 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Scarlato JA, Berger VY (eds) (1995) The White Sea. Biological resources and the problems of their rational utilization. Part I. Zoological Institute of RAS, St. Petersburg, p 250 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Berger VY (2007) Production potential of the White Sea. Investigations of the sea fauna 60(68). Zoological Institute of RAS, St. Petersburg, p 292 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Filatov NN, Terzhevic AY (2007) The White Sea and its watershed under influence of climatic and anthropogenic factors. Kol’sky Scientific Centre RAS, Petrozavodsk, p 349 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Berger V, Dahle S, Galactionov K et al (2001) White Sea. Ecology and environment. Derzavets Publishers, St. Petersburg, Tromsø, p 157Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sapozhnikov VV (ed) (1994) Complex investigations of the White Sea ecosystem. All-Russian Research Institute of Fisheries Industry and Oceanography, VNIRO, Moscow, p 123 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    The White Sea (1989) Hydrometeorological conditions of the shelf zone of the USSR seas, vol 5. Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, p 235 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kuznetsov VV (1960) The White Sea and biological features of its flora and fauna. USSR Academy of Science Publishers, Moscow, Leningrad, p 332 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sapozhnikov VV (2004) Marine hydrochemistry in XXI century. The new ideas in oceanology. Vol 1. Physics, chemistry, biology. Nauka, Moscow, pp 159–168 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kosobokova KN, Pertsova NM (2005) Zooplankton of the deep-water part of the White Sea at the end of the hydrological winter. Oceanology 45(6):819–831 (Translated from Okeanologiya, 2005, vol. 45, N 6, 866–878)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Filatov VV, Pozdnyakov D, Johannessen OM, Petterson LH, Bobylev LP (2005) White Sea: its marine environment and ecosystem dynamics influenced by global change. Springer, Berlin, p 427Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lisitsyn AP, Vinogradov ME (1982) Global regularities of life distribution in ocean and their reflection in the composition of bottom sediments. Formation and distribution of biogenic sediments. Trans USSR Acad Sci Geol 4:5–24 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Vinogradov ME, Lisitsyn AP (1981) Global regularities of the life distribution in ocean and their reflection in composition of bottom sediments. Trans USSR Acad Sci Geol 3:5–28 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander P. Lisitsyn
    • 1
    Email author
  • Viacheslav V. Gordeev
    • 1
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of Sciences (IO RAS)MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations