• Alexander P. LisitsynEmail author
  • Viacheslav V. Gordeev
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 81)


Investigations of marine geology as a constituent of oceanology now need new concepts and approaches. The modern level of science requires the use of a continuous regime of data recording, and consideration of the phenomena revealed in these investigations in terms of their connections and interactions in space and time. The continuity of the observations in time will allow us to carry out the most complete study of the revealed processes and their variations over seasons, years, and centuries. The great experience and huge volume of factual data obtained in more than 300 long cruises undertaken under the auspices of the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology Russian Academy of Sciences from the middle of the twentieth century have led to the conclusion that dispersed sedimentary material must be studied in all the geospheres of the Earth (atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, biosphere, anthroposphere, and vulcanosphere) in a four-dimensional regime (three coordinates in space, plus time).

We attempted to apply these approaches during our 15-year studies of the White Sea (2001–2016). In volume 1 of the present book we present the most significant results of these investigations concerning the sedimentological and biogeochemical processes in the water column of this Sea.

The main sources of sedimentary materials in the sea (atmosphere, river discharge), the processes of production-destruction of organic carbon in seawater, research on phyto- and zooplankton organisms, trace elements in seawater, and oil pollutants in snow and ice cover of the White Sea are considered and discussed.


Dispersed material Geospheres of the earth New scientific approaches Processes in water columns White Sea 



This research was performed in the framework of the state assignment of FASO Russia (Theme No. 0149-2018-0016) and analytical data were processed within the RSF grant (Project No. 14-27-00114-p).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander P. Lisitsyn
    • 1
    Email author
  • Viacheslav V. Gordeev
    • 1
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of Sciences (IO RAS)MoscowRussia

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