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Dispersed Sedimentary Matter of the Atmosphere

  • Vladimir P. ShevchenkoEmail author
  • Alexander P. Lisitsyn
  • Anna A. Vinogradova
  • Dina P. Starodymova
  • Vladimir B. Korobov
  • Alexander N. Novigatsky
  • Natalia M. Kokryatskaya
  • Oleg S. Pokrovsky
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 81)

Abstract

In this chapter we summarize results of aerosol studies over the White Sea and its coasts; we also analyze contribution of different anthropogenic constituents from European industrial cities and areas into studied aerosol composition. We estimated the degree of anthropogenic influence of these sources on the atmosphere and the terrestrial environment in this region. Data on airborne heavy metal accumulation in natural archives (snow cover, lichens, lake sediments) are generalized. The most significant source regions for some anthropogenic components depositing on the White Sea surface from atmosphere are revealed. Annual average (for 2000s) fluxes of anthropogenic Cu, Ni, Pb, Fe, Al, and black carbon incoming to the White Sea waters from various regions are evaluated. Studied element concentrations in the White Sea aerosols are generally on the level typical for other Arctic regions. In the Kandalaksha Bay, we traced the air mass arrival from metallurgical facilities of Murmansk Region. Elevated concentrations of heavy metals and black carbon were found in vicinity of industrial urban agglomeration of Arkhangelsk. For the first time, we assess contribution of Kostomuksha field (Karelia Republic) surface mining into Fe and Al fluxes (these elements are of both lithogenic and anthropogenic origin) on the White Sea surface which are comparable to contribution of the other source regions.

Keywords

Aeolian input Aerosols Chemical composition Heavy metals Insoluble particles Lake sediments Lichens Long-range transport Snow White Sea 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank R. A. Aliev, S. K. Belorukov, V. V. Gordeev, N. V. Goryunova, N. A. Demidenko, L. L. Demina, N. S. Zamber, V. S. Kozlov, E. I. Kotova, Open image in new window , V. I. Makarov, V. V. Pol’kin, S. A. Popova, D. A. Subetto, A. S. Filippov, A. V. Chupakov, and A. Ye. Yakovlev for assistance in researches; and Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) NOAA for providing the access to HYSPLIT model for calculation of air mass trajectories. Results of research were summarized within the framework of state assignment of FASO Russia (theme No. 0149-2018-0016). Analytical processing of samples in 2017–2018 was performed with financial support of RSF (project No. 14-27-00114-P).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir P. Shevchenko
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexander P. Lisitsyn
    • 1
  • Anna A. Vinogradova
    • 2
  • Dina P. Starodymova
    • 1
  • Vladimir B. Korobov
    • 1
  • Alexander N. Novigatsky
    • 1
  • Natalia M. Kokryatskaya
    • 3
  • Oleg S. Pokrovsky
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic ResearchRussian Academy of SciencesArkhangelskRussia
  4. 4.Geosciences Environment Toulouse (GET), CNRSPaul Sabatier UniversityToulouseFrance
  5. 5.BIO-GEO-CLIM LaboratoryTomsk State UniversityTomskRussia

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