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Irrigation of Arable Land in Slovakia: History and Perspective

  • Ľuboš Jurík
  • K. Halászová
  • J. Pokrývková
  • Š. Rehák
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 69)

Abstract

The origin of irrigation in the world was based on the human’s practical experiences in the past and gradually expanded with the development of advanced cultures. In the Middle Ages, irrigation structures did not develop and gradually ceased to exist. After World War I, alongside with industry, agriculture had been intensified in Europe. Irrigation once again became an important part of agriculture and countryside. In Czechoslovakia and Slovakia, conditions for designing, preparing implementation, and operation of irrigation were created. It was a long-term process, and only after 1960, organizations from designing to irrigation’s operation were established. After 1990, the situation has changed, and nowadays, we are resolving the need for irrigation again. The following text analyses the development of organizations and management of irrigation in the past and looks at the future development. In Slovakia, the manager and organizer of irrigation constructions have become, and still are, the state.

Keywords

Design of irrigation constructions Irrigation water Reservoir Water management Water sources 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This chapter was supported by the Slovak grant APVV-16-0278 “Use of hydromelioration structures for mitigation of the negative extreme hydrological phenomena effects and their impacts on the quality of water bodies in agricultural landscapes.”

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ľuboš Jurík
    • 1
  • K. Halászová
    • 1
  • J. Pokrývková
    • 1
  • Š. Rehák
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape EngineeringSlovak University of Agriculture in NitraNitraSlovakia
  2. 2.Water Research Institute (WRI)BratislavaSlovakia

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