Integrated Pest Management for Sustainable Agriculture

  • Ahmed Ali RomehEmail author
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 77)


Widespread insecticide resistance has been a major problem in a sustainable agriculture such as the resistance of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) in tomato crops to some insecticides. Also, the increasing public concern over pesticide safety and possible damage to the environment has resulted in increasing attention being given to safety products for the control of agricultural pests. Integrated pest management (IPM) has become one of the major restricting factors for protected crop and vegetable cultivations in Egypt. The protections of human health, environment, ecosystems, and biodiversity have recently been considered as important elements in the application of agricultural practices. Integrated Pest management is carried out in a sustainable manner by combination of biological, cultural, mechanical, physical and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health and environmental risks.

Despite the importance of the biological control in IPM, the basic principles of IPM are scouting and thresholds. If scouting and thresholds were the only IPM methods practiced by a grower, pesticide-use could usually be reduced by 50% compared to spraying on a regular schedule. Advantages of the use of pest-resistant varieties include low cost, increased security to the grower, decreased use of insecticides, the potential to enhance biological control through conservation of natural Enemies, easy transferability to farmers’ fields, no danger to humans and domestic animals, and compatibility with all other control practices. Several new classes of insecticides became available and been registered in various crops. These compounds are highly efficient and very selective.


Agriculture Biological Integrated pest management Pesticides Sustainable 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Production Department, Faculty of Technology and DevelopmentZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt

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